TR TF-X Fighter & Trainer Aircraft Projects

Test7

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In order to meet Turkish Air Force (TurAF) requirements beyond 2030s, an indigenous design and development program aims to replace the aging F-16 fleet of TurAF.

Within the scope of TF-X Program, Turkey will become one of the few countries to possess the necessary technologies, engineering infrastructure and production capabilities. Once the engineering activities on all the critical technologies are accomplished (e.g. increased situational awareness, sensor fusion, low observability, weapon bay, …etc), which are needed by a 5th generation (or beyond) jet fighter aircraft.

TF-X aircraft is planned to be kept operational in the TurAF inventory until 2070s and will be interoperable with other critical assets of TurAF such as F-35As.

The TF-X indigenous design and development program prime contract between Undersecretariat for Defence Industries (SSM) of Ministry of Turkish National Defence and Turkish Aerospace has been signed on 5th of August 2016.

The timing of this signature alone, is a key demonstrator of Turkey’s determination of running mega-projects uninterruptedly, even under extra-ordinary conditions.

Currently, the prime contract covers the initial four (4) years (starting after signature of major subcontracts) which will end up with completion of preliminary design phase. Within this period beyond the design and development of TF-X Aircraft, engineering capabilities, technology development activities (for key sensors like radar, electronic warfare..etc.), test infrastructures establishment and certification processes will be performed and extensive capabilities for a new generation jet fighter design, development and production will be gained by Turkish industry.

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Test7

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HÜRKUŞ- New Generation Basic Trainer Aircraft


New Generation Basic Trainer (HÜRKUŞ) Development Program contract was signed between the Undersecretariat for Defense Industries and Turkish Aerospace in March 2006. HÜRKUŞ with day and night mission capability; will be able to realize instrument flight, navigation and formation training phases.

Within the framework of the program; two aircraft configurations are being developed.

  • HÜRKUŞ-A: Basic version which is to be certified with EASA (European Aviation Safety Agency) according to CS-23 requirements.
  • HÜRKUŞ-B: Advanced version with integrated avionics (including HUD, MFDs, and Mission Computer). Following the completion of taxi tests, the first aircraft of HÜRKUŞ-A Configuration successfully performed its first flight on August 29, 2013 at Turkish Aerospace's facilities. Consequent to the flight permission of SHGM (Turkish Civil Aviation General Directorate) and EASA the first flight, which lasted 33 minutes, was performed with open landing gear position at a height of 9500 ft. During the flight, the first checks were performed on control surfaces and a successful landing was realized.
The second aircraft has performed its first flight on September 10, 2014.

HÜRKUŞ, tandem two-seat, low-wing, single-engine, turboprop aircraft, is designed to ensure superior performance as a new generation advanced trainer aircraft and light attack & armed reconnaissance combat aircraft, in order to fulfil the complete training gap between elementary training and fighter aircraft conversion, as well as satisfying close air support roles in most demanding operational theatres.

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Ghost soldier

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The first prototype of the TFX is planned to roll out of hangar in 18 March 2023 with and turn on its engines. The first flight is planned for two years later after ground tests have been completed.
The date of 18 March is important for Turkey because it symbolizes Turkey’s independence and victory in the Gallipoli War, the year 2023 is also highly symbolic because it is the centennial of the Turkish Republic.
 

Test7

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HÜRJET-ADVANCED JET TRAINER AND LIGHT ATTACK AIRCRAFT

Advanced Jet Trainer and Light Attack Aircraft HÜRJET is a single engine, tandem-seat with modern avionics and high-performance features, fulfills a critical role in modern pilot training through its superior performance characteristics.

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Combat variant provides a battlefield force multiplier through a wide range of mission capabilities and an extensive payload.

HÜRJET Project has started to fulfil international and Turkish Air Force requirements by replacing aging T-38s as Advanced Jet Trainers (AJT) and F-5s as Acrobatic Team Aircrafts with a modern high performance multirole aircraft.

In addition to these, HÜRJET’s capabilities also extent to:

  • Replacing aging jet trainers, majority of which are 20 or more years old.
  • Being used as Advanced Jet Trainers due to the increasing number of 5th generation aircrafts (TFX, F-35, etc.) and their changing configurations
Considering the multirole aircraft market, Turkish Aerospace has started HÜRJET Program with the intention of targeting the potential in the market by benefiting from its experience and skills on cost effective design/production of trainer/light aircraft/system.

FEATURES

- High AoA controllability

- Head-Up Display (HUD)
- Helmet Mounted Display (optional)
- Full authority, Digital Fly-by-Wire FCS
- State-of-the-art HMI, minimum conversion time to F-35 and TF
- Intra & Inter datalink
- NVG compatible (AJT, LIFT)
- Aerial refueling
- Carefree handling
- Embedded Tactical Training & Live Virtual Constructive Training Systems
- APU for autonomous operation also from austere airfield


ROLES

  • Advanced Jet Trainer
  • Lead-in Fighter Trainer
  • Light Attack (Close Air Support)
  • Red Aircraft
  • Air Policing (Armed & Unarmed)
  • Acro Team Aircraft
TECHNICAL DATA
  • Dimensions
  • Wingspan 9.8 m / 32.1 ft
  • Length 13 m / 42.6 ft
  • Height 4.2 m / 13.7 ft
  • Wing Area 24 m2 / 258.3 ft2
  • Thrust 19,200 lb

PERFORMANCE

  • Service Ceiling 13,716 m / 45,000 ft
  • Sustained Turn 6.5g @ 15,000 ft <0.9M
  • Climb Rate 35,000 fpm
  • Range 2592 km / 1400 nm
  • Payload Capacity 2721 kg / 6000 lbs
  • Maximum Speed 1.4 Mach
  • G Limits +8g / -3g
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Mustafa27

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I forgot all about hurjet are we still going to use foreign engine? Wouldn't it be best to use a turbojet variant of ts1500?
 

Test7

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I forgot all about hurjet are we still going to use foreign engine? Wouldn't it be best to use a turbojet variant of ts1500?

According to last claims, we will use EJ200. TS1400 is a Turboshaft engine. You can not use it on Hurjet.
 

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I came across this video published by TAI in the 4th of July and when I watched it makes no mention of hurkus
I wonder if hurkus was scrapped or it was unintentionally not mentioned
 

Mustafa27

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According to last claims, we will use EJ200. TS1400 is a Turboshaft engine. You can not use it on Hurjet.

I know its a ts but you can convert the core part of it and it shouldn't be a problem to use on hurjet with afterburners.
 

Test7

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I know its a ts but you can convert the core part of it and it shouldn't be a problem to use on hurjet with afterburners.

Yeah we can, but we do not know if there is a work for this change.
 

Test7

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So is there any engine in the works for hurjet? otherwise its gonna have the same problems like atak and altay.

A Letter of Intent was signed between Turkish Aerospace Industries (TUSAŞ) and Eurojet at the Le Bourget Aviation Show in Paris, France. TUSAŞ CEO Dr. Temel Kotil and Eurojet Ceo Clemens Linden on behalf of Eurojet consortium signed the letter. There is no information about after this news.

 

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Some info about TF-X was given by Temel Kotil

  • Roll-out: 18 March 2023, Anniversary of Çanakkale battle victory.
  • 2 years for land tests and later first take off. 2029, serial production and delivery.
  • 3000 engineers is working on project at present. When the mass production commenced, The number of employees to be worked will rise 10000.
  • The construction of Tf-X engineering building have completed. Litening test and wind tunnel buildings next to it is almost completed.
  • Tf-X engineering building have hardware/software-super computer and test facilities that is similar to LockHeedMartin. 25000m2 special and ultra comfortable working area for Tf-X engineers.
  • Revolutionary Additive 3D Titanium Production technology will be used for the sections that requires high strength on aircraft fuselage.
 

Cabatli_TR

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A few details about program schedule and costs at each engineering steps.


Phase-I: Engineering development and preliminary design phase

  • Cost:1,3 billion $
  • Schedule:4/5 years
  • Completion: 2021
Phase-II: Critical design review and Prototype production/Qualification phase
  • Cost: 7,3 billion $
  • Schedule: 8 years
  • Completion: 2029
In this phase:
7 TF-X prototypes will be produced
Roll-out ceremony for first TF-X MMU in 2023. First flight is expected to be done in 2024/2025

Serial production phase
  • Commencement: 2029/2030
  • Cost: 14 billion $
 

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Ongoing infrastructure investment

TAI Wind tunnel center (It is said to be one of the most advanced wind tunnel of the World)

Operational:2022
Cost: 1,5 billion TL
Place: Ankara

Facility contains following capabilities;
  • Big Subsonic Wind Tunnel
  • Trisonic Wind Tunnel (Up to 5 Mach)
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TF-X MMU R&D, Analyse and Test Building
  • 3000 Aerospace engineers will work there.
  • TF-X MMU will be shaped in this facility
  • Super computers with 10.000 core each will serve in this facility.
  • It will be operational in 2021.
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TAI Composite Production Facility (Fourth biggest in World)
  • This facility will meet %2 of World composite production
  • 95000m2
  • TF-X MMU fuselage composites will be supplied from there
  • Industry 4.0 fully otonom production processes
  • It will be operational in 2021
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TAI-Tübitak Near field RCS test & analyse facility & TAI-Far field RCS test facility
  • The facility will analyse/test critical RCS figures of aircrafts up to 25m length.
  • According to information, There are 4 facilities that is in same level with the TAI’s RCS facility.
  • RCS info has to be kept secret so this facility has serious importance to protect the key features of TF-X.
  • It will be operational in 2021.
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TAI Fully Anechoic Chamber facility
  • Totally enclosed test facility
  • EMI/EMC tests
*image symbolic

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TAI Lightening test facility

  • Up to million Volt electricity will be able to given to platforms
  • Hizal institute is charged to develop system
  • Drones, helicopters and other fixed wing platforms will be tested there

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bsruzm

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Do we work on stuff like ejection seat? Once I spoke to a Turkish guy, who is into industry in Mustafa Kemal Mahallesi, Ankara. He told me that Turkey lacks these kind of stuff, it was like 5 years ago or something.
 

Test7

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Do we work on stuff like ejection seat? Once I spoke to a Turkish guy, who is into industry in Mustafa Kemal Mahallesi, Ankara. He told me that Turkey lacks these kind of stuff, it was like 5 years ago or something.

i think, this would mean reinventing wheel.
 
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