Contrary to common wisdom Turkey is a rapidly aging country. It also has a very low retirement age and labor force participation ratio. Thus, it is extremely important to reduce unemployment and build up the skill level of the in-school generation. Even before Covid pandemic the government’s efforts in these regards have been dismal, with rising levels of “structural” (long-term) unemployment. The destruction of the service industry added to the woes, with the broad definition of unemployment soaring to 28% in July-August data. Young Turks are tired of an archaic and political education system, with up to 75% wanting to go abroad asap. Low employment and the rapidly rising number of young retirees sows the seeds of a devastating Social Security Crisis, as well as regarding Turkey’s growth and human development.