abduls crushing defeat at the hand of Russia also opened the armenians into open revolt against the Ottoman state.
Internationalization of the Armenian Question
Emigration of Armenians into Georgia during the Russo-Turkish war
The conclusion of the Russo-Turkish war also led to the internationalization of the Armenian Question
. Many Armenians
in the eastern provinces (Turkish Armenia
) of the Ottoman Empire greeted the advancing Russians as liberators. Violence and instability directed at Armenians during the war by Kurd and Circassian bands had left many Armenians looking toward the invading Russians as the ultimate guarantors of their security. In January 1878, Armenian Patriarch of Constantinople Nerses II Varzhapetian
approached the Russian leadership with the view of receiving assurances that the Russians would introduce provisions in the prospective peace treaty for self-administration in the Armenian provinces. Though not as explicit, Article 16 of the Treaty of San Stefano read:
Great Britain, however, took objection to Russia holding on to so much Ottoman territory and forced it to enter into new negotiations by convening the Congress of Berlin in June 1878. An Armenian delegation led by prelate Mkrtich Khrimian
traveled to Berlin to present the case of the Armenians but, much to its chagrin, was left out of the negotiations. Article 16 was modified and watered down, and all mention of the Russian forces remaining in the provinces was removed. In the final text of the Treaty of Berlin, it was transformed into Article 61, which read:
As it turned out, the reforms were not forthcoming. Khrimian returned to Constantinople and delivered a famous speech in which he likened the peace conference to a "'big cauldron of Liberty Stew' into which the big nations dipped their 'iron ladles' for real results, while the Armenian delegation had only a 'Paper Ladle'. 'Ah dear Armenian people,' Khrimian said, 'could I have dipped my Paper Ladle in the cauldron it would sog and remain there! Where guns talk and sabers shine, what significance do appeals and petitions have?'"
Given the absence of tangible improvements in the plight of the Armenian community, a number of Armenian intellectuals living in Europe and Russia in the 1880s and 1890s formed political parties and revolutionary societies to secure better conditions for their compatriots in Ottoman Armenia
and other parts of the Ottoman Empire.
Abdelhamid's reign was a total f'ing disaster! He was such a failure that he became a charactuer for failure and incompentency.
stop falling for AK party propaganda.
Any other nation that was gifted an Ataturk would treat him with the greatest admiration. In Turkey non-Turk islamists want to believe that he the root cause for the entire decline and fall of the islamic civilisation which has rightfully taken its place at the back of the queue for advanced civilisations of the world today.
As long as Muslims ignore the truth you can remain backward and you can watch on in great humiliation as muslims the world over are crushed by non-muslims. Even erdogan himself has only one success story, that success story is Turkish army. The very thing him and his masonic feto buddies did everything to destroy with fake charges and corrupt court procedures.
And the arrogance to mention "george soros" when your georgian leader is good mates with him.
look at how happy the AK party boys are to be in his presence, as if they didnt know he was or what he represented. Still to this day the George Soros open society foundation operates freely within eastern Turkey promoting Kurdish identity and separatism.
Political islamism was used in Turkey to divide the people against the state and against the Turkish people. Islamists openly felt comfortable to attack Turkey, attack the Turkish people and attack its history under the smokescreen of Islam.
Those days are ending, Turks have had enough their patience is no longer going to tolerate this crap indefinitely.