Basically chaos during Abdulhamid II's time and it continued under his successors.
But ww1 was inevitable we could have stayed neutral as we could but the Russians, British and the French have already made plans for our dismemberment. By the time ww1 happened we were isolated. Even if we kept neutral the geopolitical arena was changing against our wishes.
Especially Russian ambitions cant be ignored. Either we will wait the war to finish and have the British, French and Russians go after us or at least try to join the war and try to win it or at least get terms favourable to the Ottoman Empire.
In the end the empire collapsed. 600 year empire closed for good. Its actually going to be 100 years since the Ottoman Empire collapsed as they completely collapsed in 1922-1923. Well it collapsed after ww1 was just a dead man walking at this point as the Allies occupied the capital.
Crushing defeats and massive instability under his reign. He was basically the final nail in the coffin and the young Turk movement was the last roll of the dice. Both were ultimately disasters in the end.
Under Abdulhamid reign her are some failures, just so the ignorant kurdish political islamists can understand what they have been brainwashed to believe.
"Abdul Hamid's biggest fear, near dissolution, was realized with the Russian declaration of war on 24 April 1877. In that conflict, the Ottoman Empire fought without help from European allies. Russian chancellor Prince Gorchakov had effectively purchased Austrian neutrality with the Reichstadt Agreement by that time. The British Empire, though still fearing the Russian threat to the British presence in India, did not involve itself in the conflict because of public opinion against the Ottomans, following reports of Ottoman brutality in putting down the Bulgarian uprising. The Russian victory was quickly realized; the conflict ended in February 1878. The Treaty of San Stefano, signed at the end of the war, imposed harsh terms: the Ottoman Empire gave independence to Romania, Serbia, and Montenegro; it granted autonomy to Bulgaria; instituted reforms in Bosnia and Herzegovina; and ceded parts of Dobrudzha to Romania and parts of Armenia to Russia, which was also paid an enormous indemnity. After the war with Russia, Abdul Hamid suspended the constitution in February 1878 and dismissed the parliament after its solitary meeting in March 1877. For the next three decades, the Ottoman Empire was ruled by Abdulhamid from Yıldız Palace."
After that failure Abdul turns the Ottoman state into a complete dictatorship for the next 30 years. Something i feel these islamists are pushing for today, to have an islamist dictatorship in which corrupt rule over them.
Then the failure due to his weak rule and insecurity takes the Ottoman navy, which at that point was the 3rd largest in the world and disbands it. Leading to over sea territorial loses.
"Abdul Hamid's distrust for the reformist admirals of the Ottoman Navy (whom he suspected of plotting against him and trying to bring back the 1876 constitution) and his subsequent decision to lock the Ottoman fleet (which ranked as the 3rd largest fleet in the world during the reign of his predecessor Abdul Aziz) inside the Golden Horn caused the loss of Ottoman overseas territories and islands in North Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Aegean Sea during and after his reign."
Then the coward seeking protection and favourable terms from western powers cedes Ottoman financial autonomy to Christian powers. Mashallah Muslims how ignorant Allah has made you all.
"Financial embarrassments forced him to consent to foreign control over the Ottoman national debt. In a decree issued in December 1881, a large portion of the empire's revenues were handed over to the Public Debt Administration for the benefit of (mostly foreign) bondholders."
Bulgaria becoming a problem for the Ottomans occurred to Abdul failures in war. The entire Ottoman balkans got lit up because of Abduls shitty leadership.
"The union in 1885 of Bulgaria with Eastern Rumelia was another blow to the Empire. The creation of an independent and powerful Bulgaria was viewed as a serious threat to the Ottoman Empire. For many years Abdul Hamid had to deal with Bulgaria in a way that did not antagonize either Russian or German wishes. There were also key problems regarding the Albanian question resulting from the Albanian League of Prizren and with the Greek and Montenegrin frontiers where the European powers were determined that the decisions of the Berlin Congress should be carried into effect".
Another example of failed politics, when even getting a rare victory of the battlefield the Ottomans still lost at the table.
Crete was granted 'extended privileges', but these did not satisfy the population, which sought unification with Greece. In early 1897 a Greek expedition sailed to Crete to overthrow Ottoman rule on the island. This act was followed by war, in which the Ottoman Empire defeated Greece (see the Greco-Turkish War (1897)); however as a result of the Treaty of Constantinople, Crete was taken over en depot by the United Kingdom, France, and Russia. Prince George of Greece was appointed as ruler and Crete was effectively lost to the Ottoman Empire. The ʿAmmiyya, a revolt in 1889–90 among Druze and other Syrians against excesses of the local sheikhs, similarly led to capitulation to the rebels' demands, as well as concessions to Belgian and French companies to provide Beirut and Damascus with a railroad between them.
Abdul was just a european shill, he was even ordering muslims across the globe to put their weapons down and accept Christian rule and oppression.
Sultan Abdul Hamid II, after being approached by American minister to Turkey, Oscar Straus, sent a letter to the Moros of the Sulu Sultanate telling them not to resist American takeover and to cooperate with the Americans at the start of the Moro Rebellion. The Sulu Moros complied with the order.
John Hay, the American Secretary of State, asked Straus in 1898 to approach Sultan Abdul Hamid II to request that the Sultan (who was also Caliph) write a letter to the Moro Sulu Muslims of the Sulu Sultanate in the Philippines telling them to submit to American suzerainty and American military rule. The Sultan obliged them and wrote the letter, which was sent to Sulu via Mecca where two Sulu chiefs brought it home to Sulu, and it was successful, since the "Sulu Mohammedans ... refused to join the insurrectionists and had placed themselves under the control of our army, thereby recognizing American sovereignty." The Ottoman Sultan used his position as caliph to order the Sulu Sultan not to resist and not fight the Americans when they became subject to American control. President McKinley did not mention Turkey's role in the pacification of the Sulu Moros in his address to the first session of the Fifty-sixth Congress in December 1899, since the agreement with the Sultan of Sulu was not submitted to the Senate until 18 December. Despite Sultan Abdul Hamid's "pan-Islamic" ideology, he readily acceded to a request by Straus for help in telling the Sulu Muslims to not resist America since he felt no need to cause hostilities between the West and Muslims. Collaboration between the American military and Sulu sultanate was due to the Sulu Sultan being persuaded by the Ottoman Sultan. John P. Finley wrote that:
Abdul Hamid in his position as Caliph was approached by the Americans to help them deal with Muslims during their war in the Philippines, and the Muslim people of the area obeyed the order sent by Abdul Hamid to help the Americans.After due consideration of these facts, the Sultan, as Caliph caused a message to be sent to the Mohammedans of the Philippine Islands forbidding them to enter into any hostilities against the Americans, inasmuch as no interference with their religion would be allowed under American rule. As the Moros have never asked more than that, it is not surprising, that they refused all overtures made, by Aguinaldo's agents, at the time of the Filipino insurrection. President McKinley sent a personal letter of thanks to Mr. Straus for the excellent work he had done, and said, its accomplishment had saved the United States at least twenty thousand troops in the field.
The Bates Treaty, which the Americans had signed with the Moro Sulu Sultanate and which guaranteed the Sultanate's autonomy in its internal affairs and governance, was then violated by the Americans, who then invaded Moroland, causing the Moro Rebellion to break out in 1904 with war raging between the Americans and Moro Muslims and atrocities committed against Moro Muslim women and children, such as the Moro Crater Massacre."
Abdulhamid was a compete unmitigated failure! Not only did the he turn the Ottoman empire upside down but he basically put it in a place where it was almost guaranteed it would not survive another 50 years.
Whether young Turks were a masonic movement or not has nothing to do with Adbul being a total failure! To think this guy stated that the Ottomans were untouchable under his reign, while under his reign the entire Ottoman empire was set on fire.
so so ignorant, so foolish.