Canada Surface Combatant program (Halifax replacement)

Nilgiri

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BAE Systems opened the first Visualization Suite for the Canadian Surface Combatant (CSC) officially on 26 November at its offices in Ottawa. BAE Systems were honoured to mark the occasion with Minister of National Defence Harjit Sajjan, and Commander of the Royal Canadian Navy Vice Admiral Art McDonald in attendance for a tour of the suite.

The visualization technology will transform the way warships are designed, built and delivered for the Royal Canadian Navy. Using the technology to create a virtual prototype and “Digital Twin” enables a deep understanding of the vessel and the experience of those serving on board before manufacturing begins.

The technology allows a fully detailed view of the ship’s design from any angle or area with the ability to inspect and examine equipment and systems quickly and easily, a key benefit in maturing and ensuring design, and in supporting the program’s prime contractor, Irving Shipbuilding, as it plans for build. The engineers are able to mature design across countries and time zones, working together with our partners and customer to create the right ship for Canada.

The Canadian Surface Combatant is being designed to meet Canada’s unique needs and will deliver immense economic benefits in Canada from across the program team. Our visualisation technology promotes efficiency, quality and safety in the CSC program for the Royal Canadian Navy and the Government of Canada.

The CSC team, includes BAE Systems as ship designer, Lockheed Martin Canada leading the design team and Irving Shipbuilding as prime contractor who will build the CSC at their Halifax Shipyard. Over 10,000 people are employed in Canada collectively across all the partner companies supporting the design of the Canadian Surface Combatant, with thousands more in long-term, high-value job creation.
 

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Canadian equipment that taxpayers spent hundreds of millions of dollars to develop isn’t being used on the country’s new $70-billion fleet of warships because the consortium that won the bid selected its own affiliated companies and their foreign systems.

A number of Canadian firms repeatedly tried to warn ministers and deputy ministers at the Department of National Defence, Public Services and Procurement Canada as well as Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada that they would be shut out of the Canadian Surface Combatant project, according to federal government documents obtained by this newspaper.

Those concerns were ignored. Instead, Canada left it up to the winning consortium, in this case, the U.S.-controlled Lockheed Martin Canada and BAE of the United Kingdom to determine the equipment that would make up key components of the proposed 15-fleet Canadian Surface Combatant, or CSC fleet. By selecting the consortium’s Type 26 warship design for the CSC, the Royal Canadian Navy automatically agreed to what Lockheed Martin had determined was the best equipment for it to use.

In the last week, this newspaper has chronicled multiple issues with the CSC project, the most expensive military procurement in Canada’s history. This newspaper reviewed thousands of pages of documents, obtained through sources and through the access to information law, to reveal how the CSC’s budget has spiralled upward and upward and how government officials previously tried to block the cost of the project from becoming public.

In an email, DND defended its choice that shut out inclusion on the CSC of Canadian-made propulsion systems, sonar and communication systems, as well as radar. The Canadian-based firms that build those systems employ hundreds of people in the high-tech sector.

“By selecting the design, Canada has selected the associated equipment,” said DND spokeswoman Jessica Lamirande. She noted DND is “confident that we have competitively selected the best design to meet Canada’s needs.”

(More at link)
 

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Royal Canadian Navy press release


Life onboard the new CSC will be exciting for RCN sailors, as these ships will embrace leading edge technology and improved habitability, and are designed to take them well into the latter half of the 21st Century.


How do technological advancements impact operations onboard the ship? Well for starters, a sailor will be able to view on one computer terminal or platform various streams of digital content/information originating from different sources – a process called convergence. Convergence will allow any operations room or bridge terminal to show video or data feeds from any sensor, weapon, or software support system. Not only does this mean that leadership teams will have real-time warfare and platform data at their fingertips from various onboard locations, it also means that the physical space and power required to run multiple terminals will be reduced.


Until recently, electronic systems onboard a warship such as the weapons and sensor systems, took up space, and lots of it. However, with the application of widespread digitization and use of solid state electronics onboard the CSC, dedicated space requirements have been considerably reduced, while the capability and flexibility of these systems have been increased. By capitalizing on miniaturization and digitization, much of this new-found square footage can be freed up to improve working and habitability conditions, including making accommodations and personal living spaces better for the crew.


Multi-function equipment will be incorporated wherever practical onboard the CSC. For example, a single digital beam-forming radar can replace multiple traditional radars, software-defined radios can be setup to support different communications requirements on the fly, and programmable multi-purpose weapons will be able to engage more than one kind of target, while being controlled from a common vertical launcher. Multi-functionality even extends to the CSC’s modular mission bay: a reconfigurable space able to accommodate and integrate any container payload imaginable.


When taken as a whole, the technology advancements that will be incorporated into the CSC means the single-class, single variant choice, coupled with the inherent and multi-role capabilities that it will bring, will serve Canadian interests for decades into the future. The CSC is the right choice for the RCN and the right choice for Canada.

-End-

Canada’s defence policy, “Strong, Secure, Engaged” (SSE), has committed to investing in 15 Canadian Surface Combatant (CSC) ships. In February 2019, the Government of Canada confirmed that the bid from Lockheed Martin Canada has been selected for the design and design team for the Canadian Surface Combatants. Irving Shipbuilding Inc., the project’s prime contractor, awarded a sub-contract to Lockheed Martin Canada for work to finalize the design. The winning bid is based on the BAE Systems Type 26 Global Combat Ship.


These ships will be Canada’s major surface component of maritime combat power. With its effective warfare capability and versatility, it can be deployed rapidly anywhere in the world, either independently or as part of a Canadian or international coalition. The CSC will be able to deploy for many months with a limited logistic footprint.


The CSC will be able to conduct a broad range of tasks, including:

  • Delivering decisive combat power at sea;
  • Supporting the Canadian Armed Forces, and Canada’s Allies ashore;
  • Conducting counter-piracy, counter-terrorism, interdiction and embargo operations for medium intensity operations; and
  • Delivering humanitarian aid, search and rescue, law and sovereignty enforcement for regional engagements.

The ship’s capability suite includes:

  • Four integrated management systems, one each for the combat system, platform systems, bridge and navigation systems and a cyber-defence system;
  • A digital beam forming Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar (the SPY-7 by Lockheed Martin) and solid state illuminator capability;
  • The USN Cooperative Engagement Capability system;
  • A vertically launched missile system supporting long, short and close-in missile defence, long-range precision naval fires support and anti-ship engagements;
  • A 127mm main gun system and dual 30mm gun mounts;
  • A complete electronic warfare and countermeasures suite;
  • A fully integrated underwater warfare system with bow-mounted sonar, towed low frequency active and passive sonar, lightweight torpedoes and decoys;
  • Fully integrated communications, networking and data link capabilities; and
  • A CH-148 Cyclone multi-role helicopter, multi-role boats and facilities for embarking remotely piloted systems.

CSC Specifications:

  • Length: 151.4 metres
  • Beam: 20.75 metres
  • Speed: 27 knots
  • Displacement: 7,800 tonnes
  • Navigational Draught: ~8m
  • Range: 7000 nautical miles
  • Class: 15 ships
  • Accommodations: ~204

For more technical details on CSC, check out our in-depth article:

 

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It will be at least a decade before Canada sees any of its new frigates​


New frigates are being packed with more combat capability than comparable ships of allies​

Murray Brewster · CBC News · Posted: Feb 13, 2021 4:00 AM ET | Last Updated: February 13

british-type-26-frigate.jpg

An artist's rendering of the British Type 26 frigate. (BAE Systems Inc./Lockheed Martin Canada)
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It will be 2031, at the earliest, before the navy sees the first of its new frigates; a setback brought about partly by the fact Canada, Britain and Australia are still feeling their way around how to build the ultra-modern warship.
The outgoing president of Irving Shipbuilding Inc., which is in charge of constructing combat ships for the federal government, said he anticipates steel will be cut on the first of the new generation high-end warships by mid-2024.
"We have been trying to take an honest look at where we are and what it will take to build the ship," said Kevin McCoy who recently announced his retirement from the East Coast shipbuilder.
The current estimate is that it will take up to seven-and-a-half years to build the surface combatant, a timeline being used by Britain's BAE Systems Inc., which is constructing the first of what's known as the Type 26 design.
Both Canada and Australia are building their own variants.
"Early on [in the shipbuilding process] estimates are not very good," said McCoy. "Early estimates are not very good for price; they're not very good for size; they're not not very good for duration," McCoy said. "The British ship has a seven-and-a-half year build cycle. So, we're locked in. We said our build cycle will be seven-and-a-half years as well."
If they can find ways to speed up the process, they will, he said.
If that timeline holds, it means the federal government's marquee shipbuilding strategy will be two decades old by the time it produces the warship it was principally set up to create.
While Irving has been pumping out smaller, less complicated arctic patrol ships and Seaspan, in Vancouver, is building coast guard and science vessels, the strategy conceived by the former Conservative government was driven by the necessity of replacing the navy's current fleet of Halifax-class frigates.
Originally, when the shipbuilding strategy was unveiled, it envisioned Canada receiving the first new frigate in 2017. A lot of water, wishful thinking and even money has gone under the bridge since then.

Building off existing design​

The current Liberal government, since taking over in 2015 and embracing the strategy, has been opaque in its public estimates of the build time; suggesting, in some documents, a delivery time in mid-2020s while other more internal records have pegged the first new frigate in the 2027 timeframe.
The Department of National Defence, in a statement, acknowledged some of the design and build intricacies are now better understood, and because of that; the first warship will be "approximately 2-3 years later than the previous estimate."
A spokeswoman echoed McCoy's remarks about finding ways to move construction along.
"We continue to look for efficiencies and are actively working with industry to accelerate the project in order to deliver this important platform to the RCN as soon as possible," said National Defence spokesperson Jessica Lamirande.
One of the ways they could do that, she said, would be to construct some, less complex modules of the warship early, the way it has been in the navy's Joint Support Ship project at Seaspan's Vancouver Shipyard.
McCoy, a blunt-talking former U.S. Navy admiral, suggested the expectations going to the surface combatant program were ultimately unworkable because the federal government came in expecting to do a so-called "clean sheet" design; meaning a warship built completely from scratch.
It was the shipyard, he said, which ultimately inched the federal government toward building off an existing design because of the enormous risk and expense of purpose-built ships, a position the Liberals adopted in the spring of 2016.
The selection of the British Type 26 design by the Liberal government has spawned criticism, a court challenge and will figure prominently in upcoming reports by the auditor general and the Parliamentary Budget Officer.

Combat capability packed into ship​

The nub of the complaints have been that the frigate is not yet in the water and is still under construction in the United Kingdom.
The defence department acknowledged that adapting the British design to Canadian expectations and desires will take a year longer than originally anticipated and is now not scheduled to be completed until late 2023, early 2024.
Canada, McCoy said, can expect to pay no more $2.5 billion to $3 billion, per ship as they are produced, which is, he claimed, about what other nations would pay for a warship of similar capability.
"This is a big ship, lots of capability" he said, indicating that full displacement for the new frigate will likely be about 9,400 tonnes; almost double the 4,700 tonnes of the current Halifax-class.
McCoy said what is not generally understood amid the public concern over scheduling and cost is the fact that the Canadian version of the Type 26 will be expected to do more than its British and Australian cousins.
Where those navies have different warships, performing different functions, such as air defence or anti-submarine warfare, Canada's one class of frigates will be expected to perform both because that is what the government has called for in its requirements.
Dave Perry, a defence analyst and vice president of the Canadian Global Affairs Institute, has studied the program and said he was surprised at the amount of combat capability that was being packed into the new warship.
"On the one hand, Canada's one [class] of ship will have more combat capability than many of the other classes of ship that our friends and allies sail with, but it also adds an additional level of complexity and challenge getting all of that gear, all of that firepower into one single floating hull and platform," he said.

 

Nilgiri

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The Department of National Defence (DND) thanks the Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer (PBO) for its work, and welcomes its report on the Canadian Surface Combatant. Reports such as this one serve a critical role in validating our project costs, while supporting our shared objective of ensuring that the best value is provided to Canadians.

After reviewing the report, we find that the key differences in our cost estimates can be primarily attributed to the PBO including provincial sales tax and the additional emphasis PBO puts on weight-related costing.

We conducted extensive research to ensure that the selected Type 26 design will provide the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) with the modern and capable warships it needs to support operations. The design was selected following an open, fair, and transparent competitive procurement process, in which performance against the RCN’s requirements was a key selection criteria. As the PBO noted the other design options that they examined would have “more limited” and “modest” capabilities than our selected design. These reductions would impede the RCN’s ability to execute its assigned roles and missions to keep Canadians safe both at home and abroad.

While we recognize the differences in our calculations, we are confident in our current estimate of $56 billion to $60 billion (before taxes). This accurately reflects the value of this project, and is based on our detailed costing model and ongoing work with industry. As we adapt the design to meet the needs of the RCN and confirm more details related to the ship’s combat and support systems, we gain greater confidence in our costing.



READ: BUILDING CANADA'S NEE NAVAL FLEET - UPDATE ON CANADA'S NATIONAL SHIPBUILDING STRATEGY



Delivery timelines continue to be reviewed and are not final. We are actively working with industry to accelerate the project in order to deliver these important ships to the RCN as soon as possible. One way this will be done is by starting construction of the simpler zones of the ship while the design work on the more complex sections continues, similar to what we have done for the Joint Support Ship.

The report also calculated the costs of selecting a new design for the CSC project. This is not an option we will be pursuing. As the PBO accurately states throughout the report, there are important differences in capabilities when comparing the cost of these three designs.

Selecting a new design at this stage in the project would lead to significant economic loss for Canada’s marine industry and those employed in it. It would have major operational impacts for the RCN, due to associated project delays and life-extension requirements, as well as increasing the costs to operate and maintain more than one class of ships in the future.

Additionally, launching a new competitive process would not guarantee that a new design would result in a lower cost, and would certainly incur additional project management costs related to launching a new procurement process and restarting the required design work.

In addition to providing an invaluable investment into the future operational capability of the RCN, the CSC is also at the core of our Government’s commitment to revitalize Canada’s marine industry through the National Shipbuilding Strategy, which supports over 15,000 jobs per year. This project will provide significant and long-standing investments into the Canadian economy from coast to coast during construction and over decades throughout the CSC’s operational life.

The CSC is the right ship for the RCN, and will provide the best value for the military, Canada, and the Canadian economy. We remain confident that the capability and versatility of the selected CSC design will equip the RCN with the modern, capable, and effective fleet of 15 surface combatants that it will need to support operations for decades to come. We will continue ongoing work to support the start of construction in 2023/2024.
 

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Home»News»Ultra to provide Hull-Mounted Sonar for Canadian Surface Combatant


Ultra image.

Ultra To Provide Hull-Mounted Sonar For Canadian Surface Combatant​

Ultra is delighted to announce a contract award to commence work on the S2150-C Hull-Mounted Sonar (HMS) system for the Canadian Surface Combatant (CSC) program.​

Naval News Staff 18 Feb 2021

Ultra Sonar Systems press release

This award comes soon after Ultra’s recent award of a contract to provide the CSC Variable Depth Sonar (VDS). These subcontracts move the development of CSC’s anti-submarine warfare (ASW) capability from the program definition phase into the substantive manufacture and delivery of the vessels’ suite of sonars.

The Ultra HMS selected for CSC is part of the world’s most advanced HMS product family, with a level of operational performance that meets stringent Canadian technical requirements. Additionally, its innovative design provides significant ship design advantages as well as logistical benefits and cost-savings in the maintenance and upgrade of the system through its operational life.

The S2150-C HMS system is a prime example of the inward technology transfer and sovereign capability that the CSC program is building for Canada. The system was originally designed for the UK Type 26 platform, meaning it is optimized for the vessel design that has been selected for the CSC program. This technology will now be transferred to Canada, with Canadian workers and Canadian suppliers being skilled up to provide significant material elements of the system, as well as to conduct design customization, system integration, installation, acceptance and in-country support. Furthermore, due to the same HMS system family being present on the UK program as well as the Australian Hunter Class frigate program, Canadian suppliers will have the opportunity to be considered as suppliers to these programs, thus lifting the export potential Canadian industry as a result of CSC.

More broadly, Ultra is proud that its work on the CSC program is proving to be an important vector for growth of Canadian jobs, innovation and investment. In the two years since having been originally awarded program definition studies for CSC, working in close partnership with Lockheed Martin Canada and Irving Shipbuilding Inc, Ultra’s Canadian team has grown by over 150 employees, with another 80 high-tech roles expected to be made available in 2021 alone.

The program is also triggering major Canadian investment decisions by Ultra in terms of facilities, inward technology transfer and research partnerships which will be announced through the course of 2021. Overall, Ultra’s role on CSC is a very good example of the Industrial and Technological Benefits that the program is providing to Canada, and of the enduring impact that the program will have on sovereign naval capability for the nation.

“I am very proud to be leading Ultra’s team in the delivery of the CSC sonar suite. We are providing the Royal Canadian Navy with a world-leading capability in anti-submarine warfare, and at the same time bringing technologies, jobs, innovation and investment into Canada. Alongside our partners on the CSC program – most notably Irving Shipbuilding Inc. and Lockheed Martin – we are laying the foundation for a sustained sovereign naval capability for the nation”.


Isabel Tassé, Ultra’s Senior Program Manager for CSC
 

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22 APRIL 2021

Leonardo to supply 127/64 LW gun systems for CSC frigate programme​

by Richard Scott



Leonardo has been awarded a contract by Lockheed Martin Canada to supply its OTO 127/64 LW Vulcano medium-calibre naval gun for the Royal Canadian Navy’s (RCN’s) next-generation surface combatant.

Leonardo's 127/64 LW Vulcano medium-calibre gun system has been selected for Canada’s next-generation surface combatants. (Leonardo)

Leonardo's 127/64 LW Vulcano medium-calibre gun system has been selected for Canada’s next-generation surface combatants. (Leonardo)
The company’s initial contract covers the supply of four gun systems for the Canadian Surface Combatant (CSC) programme. Leonardo was selected ahead of BAE Systems, which was offering the rival MK 45 Mod 4 gun.

The 15-ship CSC programme will recapitalise the RCN’s surface fleet by replacing the modernised Halifax-class multirole frigates and now-retired Iroquois class destroyers with a single class of globally deployable, multirole warship. All 15 CSC ships are to be built by prime contractor Irving Shipbuilding at its yard in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Lockheed Martin Canada Rotary and Mission Systems – bidding a BAE Systems’ Global Combat Ship (GCS) design derived from the UK Royal Navy’s Type 26 frigate – was selected as CSC ship design and combat system partner in October 2018.

According to Leonardo, the contract with Lockheed Martin Canada covers systems for the first three ships of the class, with the fourth to be used as a training/reference set. A contract option additionally provides for an automatic ammunition handling system to be brought into the scope of supply.

The 127/64 LW Vulcano gun will confer the CSC ships with the ability to fire extended-range, precision-guided Vulcano munitions – both in guided long-range and the ballistic extended-range versions – and conventional ammunition.

--------------------------------------

@Nilgiri , it seems that the earlier model with MK.45 mod 4 are outdated by now.

24-type26bae.JPG
 

Madokafc

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22 APRIL 2021

Leonardo to supply 127/64 LW gun systems for CSC frigate programme​

by Richard Scott



Leonardo has been awarded a contract by Lockheed Martin Canada to supply its OTO 127/64 LW Vulcano medium-calibre naval gun for the Royal Canadian Navy’s (RCN’s) next-generation surface combatant.

Leonardo's 127/64 LW Vulcano medium-calibre gun system has been selected for Canada’s next-generation surface combatants. (Leonardo)'s 127/64 LW Vulcano medium-calibre gun system has been selected for Canada’s next-generation surface combatants. (Leonardo)

Leonardo's 127/64 LW Vulcano medium-calibre gun system has been selected for Canada’s next-generation surface combatants. (Leonardo)
The company’s initial contract covers the supply of four gun systems for the Canadian Surface Combatant (CSC) programme. Leonardo was selected ahead of BAE Systems, which was offering the rival MK 45 Mod 4 gun.

The 15-ship CSC programme will recapitalise the RCN’s surface fleet by replacing the modernised Halifax-class multirole frigates and now-retired Iroquois class destroyers with a single class of globally deployable, multirole warship. All 15 CSC ships are to be built by prime contractor Irving Shipbuilding at its yard in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Lockheed Martin Canada Rotary and Mission Systems – bidding a BAE Systems’ Global Combat Ship (GCS) design derived from the UK Royal Navy’s Type 26 frigate – was selected as CSC ship design and combat system partner in October 2018.

According to Leonardo, the contract with Lockheed Martin Canada covers systems for the first three ships of the class, with the fourth to be used as a training/reference set. A contract option additionally provides for an automatic ammunition handling system to be brought into the scope of supply.

The 127/64 LW Vulcano gun will confer the CSC ships with the ability to fire extended-range, precision-guided Vulcano munitions – both in guided long-range and the ballistic extended-range versions – and conventional ammunition.

--------------------------------------

@Nilgiri , it seems that the earlier model with MK.45 mod 4 are outdated by now.

24-type26bae.JPG

Leonardo had price advantage compared to BAE System product
 

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Government to commit to building first three warships despite budget concerns​

The first tranche of the controversial Canadian Surface Combatant project would see three vessels constructed at Irving Shipbuilding on the East Coast.

Author of the article:
David Pugliese • Ottawa Citizen
Publishing date:
Jun 08, 2021 • 1 day ago • 3 minute read
The Irving Shipbuilding facility is seen in Halifax on June 14, 2018.



The Irving Shipbuilding facility is seen in Halifax on June 14, 2018. PHOTO BY ANDREW VAUGHAN /The Canadian Press

The Canadian government is preparing to commit to initially building three new warships despite concerns the project has gone billions of dollars over budget.

The first tranche of the controversial Canadian Surface Combatant project would see three vessels constructed at Irving Shipbuilding on the East Coast.

Government to commit to building first three warships despite budget concerns​

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Department of National Defence spokeswoman Jessica Lamirande said a construction contract was expected to be awarded likely in 2023. “As we get closer to that contract award, and discussions continue with the shipyard and other industry stakeholders, we will have more certainty on how many ships will be included in the initial build contract,” she said. “While we expect that contract will include around three ships, that remains to be confirmed.”

But industry officials say the Canadian government has already confirmed three vessels will be built initially with its decision last month to spend $2.2 billion on the purchase of radars and related equipment for the surface combatants.

In May, the U.S. government announced that Canada had requested four radars and four combat systems for the surface combatant project. Three radars and three combat systems would be for the installation on the first three ships. The fourth radar and combat system would be used by Canada at a test facility to be built in Dartmouth, N.S.

A request for bids to build that test facility was released Tuesday by the Canadian government. The test facility is expected to cost taxpayers around $64 million.

The Liberal government has said it is committed to eventually building 15 surface combatants, but industry officials have been awaiting for word on how many vessels will be initially constructed. Some defence analysts have suggested that, if problems continue with the project, the government could cut its losses at three ships and then determine how to proceed after those were built.
The Canadian Surface Combatant project has already faced delays and significant increases as the price tag has climbed from an original $14-billion estimate to $26 billion and then to $70 billion in 2019.

Parliamentary budget officer Yves Giroux produced a report Feb. 24 outlining how the cost of the Canadian Surface Combatant or CSC project was now estimated to be $77 billion.

Giroux told MPs that part of the risk with the project came from the decision to select the Type 26 frigate, which at the time existed only on the drawing board. Construction began on the first Type 26 in the summer of 2017 for Britain’s Royal Navy, but the ship is still not complete. “There doesn’t seem to be a clear rationale when it comes to explaining these cost increases,” Giroux noted during his appearance at the Commons government operations committee. “I’m concerned.”

The CSC is the most expensive purchase in Canadian history.

The Department of National Defence, however, has rejected the PBO’s numbers. It states the overall CSC project cost will be between $56 billion and $60 billion.

Earlier this year, the DND boasted to parliament that military equipment procurement is not only well managed, but also that all programs are within budget and on schedule.

But Conservative MP Kelly McCauley said that claim shows the DND is “detached from reality” when it comes to procurement.

In addition, on Feb. 1 the DND admitted the delivery of the first surface combatant ship would be delayed until 2030 or 2031. The first ship was to have been delivered in 2025, according to previous DND documents.
The entry of the Type 26 warship in the Canadian competition was controversial from the start and sparked complaints the procurement process was skewed to favour that vessel. Previously, the Liberal government had said only mature existing designs or designs of ships already in service with other navies would be accepted on the grounds they could be built faster and would be less risky. Unproven designs can face challenges as problems are found once the vessel is in the water and operating. The criteria was later changed by the Canadian government for reasons that are not entirely clear.

The other ships that were in the Canadian competition were all proven and in service with allied navies.

 
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