Myanmar Civil War

Isa Khan

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Isa Khan

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Thank you for your insight! I am amazed every time I enter this thread by the intensity of the conflict and the casualty numbers. My Twitter is absolutely silent about the whole situation. Now I am more interested into this conflict and would like to learn more about it.
Hope this is useful. I found Some background information on Burmese civil war and the Ethnic Armed Organisations fighting against Tatmadaw.
Part 1
Part 2 Arakan Army
Part 3 Karen
Part 4 Kachin
Who is supplying MANPADs to Arakan Army ?

There are many more ethnic groups with their own armies, among them Wa State is the best equipped with SAMs , artillery etc plus they use Chinese currency too.
 

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Hope this is useful. I found Some background information on Burmese civil war and the Ethnic Armed Organisations fighting against Tatmadaw.
Part 1
Part 2 Arakan Army
Part 3 Karen
Part 4 Kachin
Who is supplying MANPADs to Arakan Army ?

There are many more ethnic groups with their own armies, among them Wa State is the best equipped with SAMs , artillery etc plus they use Chinese currency too.
Woah! That's more complicated than I was thinking. Thanks!
 

Nilgiri

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Woah! That's more complicated than I was thinking. Thanks!

Shan area has always been a buffer zone historically along with neighbouring Yunnan (between Burma and China proper). I believe @Saithan has visited Yunnan.

IIRC, Invasions of Burma by China (to help allied-Thailand out in a number of instances when it was in turn being invaded by Burma) generally proceeded through passes in the Shan (Keng-Tung, Lashio are the big 2). Lashio is now more famous due to the burma (supply) road during WW2.

Hence why ethnically, lot of kin to Han people are settled there in Shan, especially in the border zones....and you have their militias representing them and being the defacto govt there.... given paucity of trust in central Bamar authority (and generally any other burmese groups in general).

BTW, (Qing) Chinese could not make any real headway into Burmese heartland and lot of armies were totally obliterated in burmese counter-offensives...given the narrow-pass terrain. This is similar to the majority of IndoChina in general (except for arguably the large flat Thai plain) as it suits defender+chokepoint+garrison strategy immensely and punishes extended and tenuous logistics chains commensurately. Somewhat in contrast to the large open swathes Chinese+Mongol armies were used to in their homelands with the strategies developed there.

But one can say Burma is no stranger to war and its continuing legacy to this day.

@Joe Shearer @Saiyan0321 @Anmdt @VCheng
 

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Shan area has always been a buffer zone historically along with neighbouring Yunnan (between Burma and China proper). I believe @Saithan has visited Yunnan.

IIRC, Invasions of Burma by China (to help allied-Thailand out in a number of instances when it was in turn being invaded by Burma) generally proceeded through passes in the Shan (Keng-Tung, Lashio are the big 2). Lashio is now more famous due to the burma (supply) road during WW2.

Hence why ethnically, lot of kin to Han people are settled there in Shan, especially in the border zones....and you have their militias representing them and being the defacto govt there.... given paucity of trust in central Bamar authority (and generally any other burmese groups in general).

BTW, (Qing) Chinese could not make any real headway into Burmese heartland and lot of armies were totally obliterated in burmese counter-offensives...given the narrow-pass terrain. This is similar to the majority of IndoChina in general (except for arguably the large flat Thai plain) as it suits defender+chokepoint+garrison strategy immensely and punishes extended and tenuous logistics chains commensurately. Somewhat in contrast to the large open swathes Chinese+Mongol armies were used to in their homelands with the strategies developed there.

But one can say Burma is no stranger to war and its continuing legacy to this day.

@Joe Shearer @Saiyan0321 @Anmdt @VCheng


My uncle fought in Burma during WW2. It is a hellish area to fight a war, no doubt, and doubly so for invaders
 

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Rebels and army fight in Mandalay city:

Mandalay PDF ‘declares war’ on junta


‘The day we’ve been waiting for is finally here,’ a member of the civilian resistance says as clashes break out in the city

Gunfire was exchanged between the regime’s armed forces and a civilian guerrilla group in Mandalay’s Chanmyatharzi Township on Tuesday morning after an attempted raid by the junta on the group’s location.

Representatives of the Mandalay People’s Defence Force (Mandalay PDF) said that around 20 soldiers carried out the raid at around 8am, igniting one of the first clashes between a PDF and the military in a major urban area.

“They came here because they received information about where we were. But we knew beforehand that they were coming so we had the upper hand,” said Mandalay PDF spokesperson Bo Tun Tauk Naing, adding that fighting was still ongoing at the time of reporting.

The number of casualties had not yet been confirmed.

“The members of the public in the area have moved to safety, and we have not backed down. We’ll continue to fight,” Bo Tun Tauk Naing said. “We’ve declared war. The day we’ve been waiting for is finally here.”

At 9am he told Myanmar Now that the members of his group who had taken cover in a nearby building had been arrested by the junta’s armed forces.

“Our other members are still shooting from outside. We don’t know how many of our members have been arrested, but we’re spread out across the entire city. It’s like losing one finger out of a whole hand,” he explained.

Mandalay locals told Myanmar Now that the military was patrolling in the city with at least three armoured vehicles in search of suspects involved in the shootout.


The military-controlled Myawaddy TV announced on Tuesday afternoon that so-called “terrorists” had opened fire on regime troops when they went to inspect a location at the intersection of 54th and 111th streets where the resistance had allegedly been storing explosives.

The announcement claimed that “some” members of the armed forces were injured during the shootout, but did not specify a number. Myawaddy TV reported that four members of the “terrorist group” were killed and eight were arrested in possession of makeshift bombs and other light weapons.

The announcement also said that four more people from the civilian resistance died in a car crash after their vehicle was pursued by regime troops from 53rd St.

The Mandalay PDF did not confirm the military’s claims and Myanmar Now was not able to verify the information at the time of reporting.

A local rescue team volunteer told Myanmar Now that its members provided medical treatment to at least two civilians who were injured by rubber bullets during the Tuesday morning shootout.

The Mandalay PDF previously targeted police and soldiers on security duty, as well as the military council’s administrative offices and the buildings of military-run businesses.

On June 1, a regime soldier was killed and another seriously injured when the PDF members opened fire on military trucks in the city. On June 8, two policemen were shot dead.


 

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Myanmar Junta Troops Battle Civilian Resistance Fighters in Mandalay​

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Junta snipers on a building in Mandalay during the clash on Tuesday. / CJ

By THE IRRAWADDY 22 June 2021

Junta forces raided a base of the People’s Defense Force (PDF) in Mandalay on Tuesday morning, resulting in a clash.

Junta troops reportedly raided a boarding school where PDF fighters were based in Hton Tone ward at around 7.30 a.m.

“They sniffed us out. They came to our base at between 111st and 112nd streets on 54th Street and we shot at them as they came,” said the person in charge of the Mandalay PDF’s urban guerilla warfare unit who uses the pseudonym Bo Tun Tauk Naing.

PDF fighters were withdrawing from the base as their colleagues from other parts of the town rushed to rescue them.

“I heard three of our fighters have been injured. We don’t know yet how many have been detained. Our weapons will be seized if they [junta troops] are able to overrun our base. But they won’t be seized if our troops can retreat successfully,” Bo Tun Tauk Naing said.

Junta forces used grenades in the fighting, the PDF said. Junta troops are also using snipers and armored vehicles in the clash.

“Junta troops arrived around 7 a.m. and opened fire at 111st and 54th streets. It was not heavy shooting. Then there was an exchange of fire between 8 a.m. and 8.30 a.m. So far, junta troops have not yet raided houses. But they are detaining every man on sight,” said a resident of Hton Tone Ward.

He said he heard the sounds of machine guns and grenades. Locals are staying indoors during the shootout.

The Mandalay PDF was formed by local resistance fighters who underwent military training provided by ethnic armed groups. They operate under the parallel National Unity Government.






Fighting broke out between the Myanmar military and the Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) in four locations outside the Karen State capital of Hpa-an on Monday, killing eight junta troops, according to the Karen National Union (KNU).

The KNLA, the armed wing of the KNU, clashed with the regime’s armed forces in the areas of Lay Taw Gyi, Melan, Guh Bee Htwee, and Mee Bon in the Karen forces’ Brigade 1 territory, some 20 miles from Hpa-an, a KNLA official told Myanmar Now.

“There was an intense shootout in Lay Taw Gyi and Mee Bon, but there were no casualties on our side. But at least eight military soldiers were killed and two injured,” he said.

On June 14, the KNLA’s Brigade 1 and the Myanmar army initially clashed in Hpa-an. The KNLA official blamed the fighting on the junta’s operations with its allied Border Guard Force (BGF) in the state.

Brigade 1 territory includes Bilin, Thaton, Hpa-an and Kyaikhto townships in both Mon and Karen states. Since the February 1 coup, there have been five clashes in Thaton and one in Kyaikhto, according to KNU and KNLA sources.

“Now, Bilin, Kyaikhto and Thaton are calm. There’s been no activity or confrontation,” a KNU official said.

The KNU’s Thoolei News reported that Monday’s clashes took place in four locations around Hpa-an, stating that eight junta soldiers had been killed and four injured.

It has been in the KNLA’s Brigade 3 and 5 territories that fighting has intensified since the coup, with the military suffering heavy casualties and tens of thousands of people displaced by the regime’s artillery fire and airstrikes.

In Brigade 5 alone, in Karen State’s Mutraw District (Hpapun), more than 350 regime troops have been killed, according to a colonel in the KNLA’s fifth brigade.

At the time of reporting, the KNLA in that area had overran at least two military bases and forced a retreat from at least three regime camps.

 

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Isa Khan

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Around 40 junta soldiers were killed on Tuesday by civilian resistance fighters of the Chinland Defense Force (CDF) during fierce clashes in Chin State’s Hakha and Falam townships.

On Tuesday morning, a firefight erupted after 40 fighters of the CDF-Hakha raided a police outpost in Bungzung Village located on the Gangaw-Hakha highway.

At least 20 regime soldiers were killed during the subsequent six hour-long shootout with around 35 junta troops, while two civilian resistance fighters were injured, according to the spokesperson of CDF-Hakha.

“We had to attack the police outpost as a warning since they are prohibiting and exploiting the transportation of food between Gangaw and Hakha,” the spokesperson told The Irrawaddy on Wednesday.

Another shootout occurred on Tuesday when over 100 fighters from the Chin National Defense Force (CNDF) clashed with 100 junta troops from Falam and 100 regime reinforcements from Kalaymyo Township, Sagaing Region, who were attempting to raid a CNDF area.

During two hours of intense fighting near Wai Bu La Town in Falam Township, the junta forces used heavy explosives in their attacks.

The CNDF said in a statement that at least 20 junta soldiers were killed and several injured. Four civilian resistance fighters were killed and three others injured.

However, the Irrawaddy was unable to confirm independently the casualty counts from the two shootouts.

Locals in Falam Township have been warned by the CNDF to be alert as it expects the military regime forces to take revenge. The CNDF said also that it will protect the lives and properties of people and avoid taking actions that will lead to residents of the area being harmed.

Junta reinforcements have now been deployed in Hakha Township, and the CDF spokesperson said that there will be further firefights in the township if junta troops move into CDF areas.

Clashes broke out initially in Hakha on May 2 and continued through May 4 after junta forces refused to release detained anti-regime protesters.

 

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At least 25 people were killed by regime forces in the west of Tabayin Township in Sagaing Region on Friday.
Shootouts took place when the civilian resistance People’s Defense Force (PDF) defended Satpyarkyin village against some 150 artillery-supported regime troops on Friday morning.

During prolonged shootouts, at least 18 PDF members were killed and more than 10 injured, the PDF announced. The group said four junta soldiers were killed.

The group said at least 40 artillery shells were fired at the village. A boy was detained by troops while trying to escape.

A villager said more PDF members and four other civilian bodies have since been found, increasing the death toll to 25.

He said the resistance fighters were only armed with traditional firearms and withdrew on Friday night.

“We can’t retrieve all the bodies as regime raids continue,” he said. “Food and medicine are urgently needed for the displaced as they couldn’t take anything while fleeing their homes.”

Thousands of residents of 11 villages, including Satpyarkyin, have left their homes due to the junta’s artillery bombardments.

Tabayin (also known as Depayin) was the site of a massacre by pro-junta thugs who attacked Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s convoy in 2003. About 70 people were killed and others severely injured, although Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s vehicle managed to escape.

She was subsequently detained and returned to house arrest and other survivors were jailed for many years.

 

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Around 41 civilians, including several children, were killed by Myanmar’s junta during a raid on villages in Tabayin (also known as Depayin) Township, Sagaing Region, on Friday.

The initial death toll from the attack has risen from 25 as more details of the violence emerge.

Villagers and the civilian resistance on Monday said 20 bodies had been identified, 15 civilians are injured and around 50 people are missing.

The shootouts broke out near Boke Ywar and Satpyarkyin villages when civilian resistance fighters used homemade firearms to repel hundreds of junta troops raiding villages on Friday morning.

During prolonged firefights, around six schoolchildren and five university students who resisted the troops were killed, according to a villager who was involved.

The villager said there were at least 15 military casualties.

Junta troops used numerous artillery rounds against civilian targets and reportedly opened fire on fleeing villagers.

“It was not a real shootout. It was one-sided as there is no strong People Defense Force in the area. Young villagers used homemade firearms in self-defense. They are not well-trained,” a resident told The Irrawaddy.

Villagers said the troops were firing on any civilian they saw. After being caught by junta troops, six wounded resistance fighters, left behind by retreating civilian combatants, were shot in the head by soldiers.

Other resistance fighters and villagers were shot dead by junta troops on Saturday when they returned to look for the dead and wounded.

Around 6,000 people from more than 10 Sagaing Region villages in Tabayin Township have fled their homes since last Friday.

Residents say the security forces are searching forests for villagers and shooting at any civilians they see.

A 50-year-old female Boke villager, who was sheltering in a forest, died on Monday after being bitten by a poisonous snake.

“Looting villagers’ homes and shooting at fleeing civilians are some of the military regime’s human rights violations,” a villager told The Irrawaddy.

In mid-June, Satpyarkyin saw a clash between the junta and resistance.

 

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People’s Defence Force (PDF) fighters in Sagaing Region have said they teamed up with the Kachin Independence Army (KIA) to kill more than 180 junta troops during five days of fighting last week.

The coup regime bombarded a temporary base of the PDF/KIA alliance with jets while alliance fighters sank military boats with rocket launchers and blew up personnel trucks with landmines, a local branch of the PDF said in a statement on Friday.

The battle started last Monday in the neighbouring townships of Katha and Shwebu, which are near Sagaing’s border with Kachin State and sit along the Ayeyarwady river.

Alliance fighters say three from their side were killed while another three went missing in action. Despite inflicting severe casualties on the Tatmadaw, they say they were eventually forced to retreat because of airstrikes on Friday.

There were no casualties from the airstrikes, the Katha PDF said.

The PDF’s announcement said the alliance fended off assaults by Tatmadaw battalions 304 and 309 near Myohla village in Shwegu. The Katha PDF fought under the leadership of the fifth battalion the KIA’s Brigade 8, it added.

Ten Tatmadaw soldiers were killed by landmines on the first day of fighting, while the alliance killed another 60 when it fired RPGs at two military boats on the Kout Kwae waterway, which flows into the Ayeyarwady river in Shwegu, the statement said.

Then on Wednesday more than 30 soldiers, including an officer, died in four different landmine explosions, it added.

The battle intensified on Friday when Tatmadaw reinforcements arrived by land and air, the statement said, but the alliance held off the assault, killing around 50 soldiers and injuring 70 others.

Another 30 soldiers died the same day in mine attacks on two vehicles carrying reinforcements near Paw Ma Myaing village in Katha, it said.

A resident from the area told Myanmar Now they heard about 20 explosions during the Paw Ma Myaing battle as well as the sound of machine gun fire.

The vehicles may have been carrying reinforcements to Shwegu and Myohla after shooting battles there the day before, the resident said.

There was also a battle on Saturday morning, though there were no further details available at the time of reporting.

A local living close to the PDF/KIA base said an airstrike destroyed a phone tower in Myohla during the fighting.

“MPT was the only telecoms service provider available in Myohla and because that has been destroyed, no landline telephones are working anymore,” the local said. “It was an air raid by the military. We don’t know for sure if they targeted the tower or if it was just collateral damage.”

“Because the air raid included four jets, the alliance forces were forced to retreat from Myohla just this morning,” the local said on Saturday.

The Tatamdaw buried its dead at the Moe Tar Gyi and Moe Tar Lay village tracts, near the villages of Oak Chay, Myohla, Mat Tine, Namsang and Subote Kone while the injured were taken away on boats, it added.

The KIA has not commented on the PDF’s announcement, and its information officer, Colonel Naw Bu, could not be reached for comment.

After PDF forces killed dozens of Tatmadaw soldiers in Sagaing last month, there were reports that the KIA had assisted the resistance fighters. At the time, Naw Bu told Myanmar Now that the KIA’s leadership had given no official order to support PDF fighters in Sagaing, but that it was possible lower ranking troops decided to help.

After vowing to oppose the military junta in the wake of its February coup, the KIA has launched numerous offensives against Tatmadaw bases and other targets in Kachin and Shan states.


 
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