Operation Flash 1995


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I basically spent all my free time recently writing this, in case you wonder at my utter inactivity...


Serb rebellion against Croatia had been stoked by Belgrade in support of its own expansionist plans. Serbia’s goal was to use the Serbs in Croatia as a fifth column, with rebellion and establishment of SAO Krajina eventually leading to an outcome where Serb areas on Croatia and Bosnia would be annexed by Serbia itself, thus leading to establishment of Greater Serbia – an imperialist Serb project half of whose territory would consist of areas that never were part of any Serb state throughout history. Western borders of this state would be on the line Virovitica – Pakrac – Karlovac – Ogulin – Karlobag, which means that majority of Croatian historical lands would be part of Serbia.

Serbian leadership hoped to fulfill this goal with the help of Yugoslav People’s Army (JNA) and the rebel Serbs in Croatia itself. Serb rebellion in Croatia itself started in July 1990. in northern Dalmatia, before spreading to western Slavonia. It was in western Slavonia that first conflict erupted, after municipality of Pakrac, on 22nd February 1991., decided to join the Serb Autonomous Area (Srpska Autonomna Oblast – SAO) Krajina (or as is more commonly known, Republic of Serbian Krajina). Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia declared the decision invalid on 28 February 1991., after which police officers of Serb ethnicity and local Serb extremists disarmed non-Serb officers on 1 March, taking over the police station in Pakrac. The rebellion was mostly broken next day by the anti-terrorist unit Lučko and special forces of the Ministry of Interior of Republic of Croatia, but the rebels were saved by JNA which established a buffer zone between Croatian Police and the rebels.

Under protection of JNA, Serb rebels continued with their activities against Croatia. On 12th August the rebels declared SAO Western Slavonia, and by mid-August Serb rebels began open aggression against Croatia, supported by the Yugoslav Army, Territorial Defense units of Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as Chetnik volunteers from Serbia.

Operations Orkan-91, Otkos-10 and Papuk-91​

On 18th August 1991., units of the 5th Corps of Yugoslav People’s Army crossed Sava in an attempt to link up with Serb rebels (Chetniks) in western Slavonia and also with units of 32nd Varaždin Corps of JNA. The goal was to cut Croatia on the line Okučani – Lipik – Pakrac – Daruvar – Virovitica. By mid-October 1991, Serb forces had taken large area of western Slavonia in municipalities of Novska, Nova Gradiška, Pakrac, Daruvar, Grubišno Polje, Virovitica, Podravska Slatina, Orahovica and Požega. Croatian forces managed to defend municipal centres and stop any further advance by Serb forces. The only success of Serb forces after this was capture of Lipik on 28th November 1991.


Meanwhile, Croatian forces moved to liberate areas of Western Slavonia. Operation Orkan-91 began on 29th November 1991., and by 3rd January 1992. Croatian forces had liberated sixteen settlements in municipalities of Novska, Nova Gradiška and Pakrac. Operation also indirectly assisted operations Otkos-10 and Papuk-91, which had been carried out in parallel on northern part of Western Slavonian theatre. Operation Otkos-10 had begun on 31st October 1991 and ended on 12th December 1991. During the operation, Croatian forces had liberated Grubišno Polje and part of Daruvar. Following the consolidation of Croatian forces, operation Papuk-91 was launched, and lasted until 3rd January 1992. Operation had liberated municipalities of Daruvar, Virovitica, Podravska Slatina, Orahovica and Požega, as well as parts of the Pakrac municipality. All operations ended on 3rd January 1992. when Sarajevo ceasefire began.

Post is too long, so I have decided to cut it off here. You can read the rest on the blog.
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