Russia Land Forces and Vehicles Programs

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A soldier's story about a rare modification of the Russian T-80UE-1 tank. The T-80UE-1 tank is a modernization of the T-80BV tank to the T-80U level. The tank has a turret from T-80UD tanks. The tank is equipped with a Belarusian thermal imager, with a French thermal imaging matrix from Thales.

 

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Tests of the Russian sniper rifle ORSIS 12.7. The five-shot ORSIS 12.7 rifle from Promtekhnologiya is designed for the 12.7x99 mm NATO cartridge and the more powerful Russian 12.7x108 mm cartridge. The rifle is equipped with a Picatinny rail. The effective firing range of the rifle is up to 2600 meters, weight is 12.4 kg. Accuracy of fire is 1 arc minute; to put it simply, from a rifle you can hit a circle with a diameter of 2.9 cm at a distance of 100 meters. The rifle is capable of piercing double brick walls at a distance of 1.5 kilometers. It is worth noting that shooting from 12.7 caliber rifles is harmful to health, the brain gets microconcussions, and the retina may detach. The penetrating power of the ORSIS 12.7 rifle was tested on a brick wall, 5 centimeter bulletproof glass and a bulletproof vest of protection class 6. Shooting was carried out with conventional and armor-piercing cartridges. The energy of 12.7 caliber cartridges can be assessed at the end of the video, using the example of a hole in a bar of soap that imitates a human body.

 

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Russian Guard exercises, MT-12 “Rapier” artillery gun. Units of the Russian Guard conducted exercises using 100-mm MT-12 Rapier anti-tank guns. The MT-12 Rapier anti-tank gun was developed in the early 1960s and is a modernization of the 100 mm T-12 anti-tank gun. Previously, these guns were removed from storage; they are mainly used for the defense of high-risk, energy and life support facilities.

 

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Russia began using the TOS-2 Tosochka combat vehicle. The Russian army began using the TOS-2 Tosochka heavy flamethrower vehicle. The TOS-2 heavy flamethrower vehicle was created on the basis of the TOS-1 Buratino and TOS-1A Solntsepek, however, unlike them, it has a wheeled chassis and significantly better characteristics. The combat vehicle was first shown in 2020. TOS-2 "Tosochka" is located on the "Tornado-U" wheeled chassis. A wheeled platform, compared to a tracked one, makes it possible to quickly deliver a combat vehicle to a firing position, and it is also cheaper to produce. The number of guide tubes for missiles has been reduced, now there are 18 of them, the caliber of the missiles remains the same 220 mm. Now they are using new TBS-M3 missiles; the firing range has begun to reach 16 and even 18 kilometers, according to some sources. TOS-2 with new missiles can hit targets over an area of 6 hectares. An important difference from previous TOS combat vehicles is the presence of an automatic crane for feeding shells; there is no need to use a transport-loading vehicle. The TOS-2 combat vehicle received modern guidance and fire control systems, they became automated. Satellite navigation, a Doppler speed meter, an inertial measurement unit, the latest communication system and a weather station make it much easier for a crew of 3 to complete a combat mission. The vehicle has an electronic defense system.

 

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The Russian system for protecting equipment from drones, the Volnorez electronic warfare system, has also begun to be installed on armored personnel carriers. A Russian serviceman showed the Volnorez electronic warfare system installed on the BTR-80. Some details about the system have begun to appear; according to a serviceman, the Volnorez electronic warfare system jams FPV drones at a range of up to 600 meters.

 

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Tests of Russian special forces for the right to wear a maroon beret. In the Urals, special forces of the Russian Guard were tested for the right to wear a maroon beret. Qualification tests for the right to wear the Maroon Beret were developed in 1986. Tests are being carried out on all troops at present. It is worth noting that these tests do not provide the soldier with any privileges or financial benefits. The main incentive is the direct respect of colleagues and confirmation of one’s own strength and courage. Also, increased stress on the body can affect health. The tests involve a 10-kilometer forced march. While covering the distance, fighters also need to overcome “infected” areas with gas masks and water obstacles, repel sudden enemy fire, repel an attack from the air, overcome rubble, swampy terrain and other obstacles. From time to time, soldiers are forced to move under small fire in small dashes or crawls. Throughout the entire distance, a special group works, which is engaged in “psychological processing”, putting pressure on the special forces. Along the entire route, the soldiers are accompanied by instructors who monitor the correctness of overcoming obstacles. After the march, the skills of storming high-rise buildings are tested. Next, training matches are held, lasting 12 minutes, with a break of no more than a minute to provide medical assistance. During sparring, 4 partners change. It is worth noting that for special forces soldiers whose age is 35 years or older, there is a special, abbreviated program. The video describes only the main stages of the tests.

 

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Footage of the work of the most powerful Russian self-propelled gun "Malka" with a caliber of 203 mm. The 2S7M Malka self-propelled gun was developed in 1986, despite the low rate of fire of the 2A44 gun, it is about 2.5 rounds per minute, the impacts of 110 kilogram shells cause severe damage to objects. The self-propelled gun is capable of actively firing rockets at targets at a range of up to 47 kilometers. There is no full-fledged analogue of the Malka self-propelled gun in the world now, except for the American M110 self-propelled howitzer, but it was withdrawn from service in 1994. The transportable ammunition of the self-propelled gun is 8 shells, the gun is serviced by 6 people. Despite its size, the self-propelled gun can be quickly prepared for work; it takes only 7 minutes. The self-propelled gun chassis is designed for a range of 10 thousand kilometers. There are currently about 80 2S7M Malka self-propelled guns in the Russian army.

 

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Russian T-90M tanks began using Telnik shells. The crews of Russian T-90M tanks began to use high-explosive fragmentation shells - 3OF82 "Telnik". To reduce the cost of production, the new Telnik shells are made in the 3OF26 shell body. The Telnik shells, developed by the Uralvagonzavod concern, feature the new ammunition with the ability to explode at a given point. The Telnik projectile can detonate not only above the target, but also in front of it, forming a cone-shaped cloud of fragments. The head of the projectile, instead of a standard fuse, is equipped with a remote contact fuse marked 3B48. Thanks to new shells, the T-90M tank increases its anti-personnel capabilities up to six times. The explosive mass of the projectile is three kilograms; in the nose of the projectile there is a block of 450 destructive elements. The diameter of the affected area by projectile fragments is up to 300 meters.

 

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The Russian self-propelled gun Malva entered service with the troops, the work of the artillery crew. The new Russian self-propelled artillery gun 2 S43 "Malva" entered service with the troops. This is the first video with the new Malva self-propelled guns and the work of the installation’s artillery crew. A new artillery gun was supposed to be installed in the Malva self-propelled guns. But as you can see, the old version of the artillery gun is still standing. In this version, the maximum firing range of the Malva self-propelled gun is up to 29 kilometers.

 

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Russian mechanics spoke about the features of tank repairs and their breakdowns. Repair teams carry out field repairs of Russian military equipment around the clock. At the moment, this is the most detailed interview about the repair and breakdown of Russian tanks.

 

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An episode of the operation of the Terminator combat vehicle in Ukraine in the Serebryansky forestry near Kremennaya has been published. The crew of the combat vehicle fires from a 30-mm 2A42 automatic cannon and a 130-mm Ataka-T anti-tank guided missile. The semi-automatic ATGM 9M120 "Ataka-T" has a radio command missile control system and can hit targets at a range of up to 6000 meters. The 9M120-1 guided anti-tank missile has a tandem cumulative warhead and is capable of penetrating up to 950 mm of armor. Archival video.

 

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Russia is preparing a modernized T-90M Proryv tank. Despite the fairly good protection of the T-90M Proryv tanks and their low losses from anti-tank mines and ATGMs, the T-90M tank continues to be modernized. In the 2024 version of the T-90M tank, there will be new protection on the turret and other upper parts of the tank from attacks from FPV drones. New coating and mesh will be installed on and around the tower to prevent internal shrapnel damage. The main innovation is the strengthening of the frontal armor with new dynamic protection units, which are thicker. Thanks to the new protection, tanks will be able to participate in frontal attacks with fewer losses. Changes will also be made to the fire control system, thermal imaging cameras, night vision cameras, and rangefinder. There are no details on these systems. The aiming systems and various suspension and engine parts will also change. It is reported that a pilot batch of 36 tanks is already being tested. Whether all this will go into series is still unknown.

 

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A Russian serviceman spoke about equipping the Russian Kornet ATGM with a homemade remote control system. It is not clear why the Russian military industry has not yet established mass production of such control systems. The troops are constantly talking about the need for them.

 

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A Russian serviceman shared his impressions of foreign-made grenade launchers. The video shows the RPG-75 M grenade launcher developed in 1970 in Czechoslovakia, with an effective firing range of 300 meters and a maximum range of 1000 meters. RGW-90 “MATADOR” grenade launcher. developed in the 2000s by Singapore and Italy based on the German Armbrustс grenade launcher. With an aiming range of up to 500 meters and a maximum range of 1000 meters. With a pin that extends forward, which activates the cumulative part of the grenade launcher. Also shown is the NLAW Grenade Launcher, which can partially be called an ATGM, developed in Sweden in 2002, with a firing range of up to 800 meters and hitting equipment from above and on the side. And the popular Swedish AT-4 grenade launcher, developed in 1987 and having an effective firing range of up to 800 meters.

 

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The use of Russian Motiv-3M ammunition in Ukraine. A short episode of the use of Russian Motiv-3M combat elements in Ukraine has been published. Motiv-3M self-aiming combat elements are installed in Smerch MLRS, Tornado-S MLRS rockets, RBK-500 aerial bombs, PBK-500U bombs and other weapons. The operating principle of the Motiv-3M element is as follows: when a rocket or bomb explodes over a target, the Motiv-3M combat elements are scattered in the air. Descending by parachute, the combat element equipped with an infrared sensor scans the area in search of heat signatures; when a target is detected, the charge is activated from a height of about 150 meters. The cumulative charge of the Motiv-3M combat element is capable of penetrating armor up to 110 mm thick.

 

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The Russian army has adopted the Desertcross 1000-3 buggy made in China. The purchases are quite large; 537 Desertcross 1000-3 all-terrain vehicles have already been purchased and are in combat units; it is planned to purchase another 1,500 of these all-terrain vehicles in the near future. The AODES all-terrain vehicle is designed for conducting patrol and reconnaissance operations; it can also be used as a raid vehicle and an all-terrain vehicle for search and rescue units. As the Russian Minister of Defense explained, the all-terrain vehicle is in great demand among the troops. The all-terrain vehicle has been modified for use in Russian winter conditions. All-terrain vehicles Desertcross 1000–3 weighing 1050 kg are equipped with an 87 hp engine. and have a load capacity of 550 kg. The AODES buggy can carry 3 people. The price of the Desertcross 1000–3 buggy in the basic configuration is 1,600,000 rubles or 17 thousand dollars.

 

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The Russian company Lobaev Arms presented a prototype of a robotic shooting system. There are no technical data on the so-called “Lobaevskaya turret” yet. Of course, this is not what is shown in the films, but the complex is still being developed and in the future will most likely be scaled up for heavier weapons. At the moment it is known that this is not just a remote control of a weapon. The turret is controlled by a processor and the weapon's bolt is driven by an electric motor. The complex changes the operating algorithm in case of problems, receiving data from feedback sensors. The rate of fire is set by the operator, depending on the task.

 

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The Russian public organization "Veche" presented a homemade military field transporter "Stalker". Prototypes of the conveyor have already been created and are being tested. The military transporter was created by one of the industrial enterprises, which created it according to the technical specifications of the Veche organization. As you know, there is now a shortage of such vehicles in the Russian army, which is why the Ministry of Defense purchased similar Chinese-made equipment. The Stalker transporter can be equipped with a cabin or an awning and is designed to transport cargo, ammunition and soldiers at the forefront of military action. The Stalker transporter is equipped with a 35 hp gasoline engine. with a fuel consumption of 4 liters per hour. The machine is built on a supporting frame and can be equipped with an electric winch. The mass of the military transporter is 500 kilograms, the cargo transported is up to 500 kilograms, which is almost the same as its Chinese counterpart. The Stalker transporter has all-wheel drive and can reach speeds of up to 50 kilometers per hour.

 

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Footage of exercises, Russian pontoon-ferry units and the creation of a river crossing using the PP-2005 pontoon-bridge fleet have been published. The pontoon fleet of PP-2005 vehicles is designed for the construction and maintenance of bridges and ferry crossings. If you are interested in the work of the Russian engineering troops, the link to the video in the comments of the video shows the installation of a bridge using a Russian TMM-3M2 machine. The Russian pontoon fleet PP-91M entered service in 2008 and uses the KamAZ-63501 chassis. In 2013, the PP-2005M pontoon fleet was put into service. In the USSR there were four manufacturers of pontoon vehicles of the PMP type, considered the best in the world, but now only one company, Okskaya Shipyard, operates in Russia. The pontoon fleet of PP-91M vehicles includes: 32 river units, 8 motor units MZ-330, 4 towing motor boats BMK-225. The pontoon fleet of PP-2005 machines allows you to create a bridge crossing with a carrying capacity of up to 120 tons and a ferry crossing with a carrying capacity of up to 190 tons. The maximum length of the bridge from the vehicle park kit is up to 284 meters, creation time is up to 40 minutes. All elements of the pontoon complex are transported on 42 KamAZ-63501 and URAL 53236 vehicles.

 

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