Russia Land Forces and Vehicles Programs

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The Russian servicemen showed the Igla MANPADS and explained how it works. The firing range of the Russian MANPADS "Igla" up to 6000 meters

 

Soldier30

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The calculation of the Russian automatic 57-mm anti-aircraft gunS-60 showed in detail its gun and its operation. The S-60 gun was put into service in 1950 and has a technical rate of fire of up to 70 rounds per minute at a range of up to 6,000 meters.

 

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The Russian army carries out continuous work on the restoration, repair and commissioning of new military equipment and weapons. We publish a short video on the repair and replacement of the engine in the Shturm-S self-propelled anti-tank missile systems, information about them is in the link on the video in the comments to the video. Equipment is also removed from storage for restoration and commissioning.

 

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The work of calculating the radar Zoopark-1 1L219M of Russia. The Zoo-1 1L219M complex was put into service in 2008 under the index 1L219M, Ukraine also has this complex, but it is called Zoo-2 and goes under the index 1L220U. The Zoopark-1 radar complex is capable of detecting firing positions of howitzers at a distance of up to 12 km, mortars - up to 17 km, MLRS missiles at a distance of up to 22 km, launching positions of tactical missile systems at a distance of 45 km. The crew of the Zoo-1 radar station is three people.

 

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Footage of the Russian production of mortar mines and aircraft bombs at the Aleksinsky Experimental Mechanical Plant has been published. The military plant was visited by Dmitry Medvedev, during the visit a meeting was held where issues of control and increase in the production of Russian military and special equipment, as well as weapons of destruction were discussed.

 

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Against the backdrop of a multiple increase in the production of military products, Russia began checking military arsenals. Inspections are also ongoing on the implementation of the state defense order at the enterprises of the military-industrial complex in the Omsk region for the production of tanks and heavy flamethrower systems. The head of the Russian Defense Ministry was informed that all armored vehicles at the Omsktransmash enterprise have been modified to meet modern requirements for tank protection, and the volume of output has increased significantly. The footage also shows the echelon with new T-80BVM tanks and the factory equipment of the upgraded tanks with visors against drones. The protection of tanks certainly looks awkward, but at the moment, cheap and effective protection of the tank turret from kamikaze drones has not been invented. Based on the results of the inspection of military enterprises, instructions were given to further increase the output of military products.

 

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A Russian serviceman explained how the automatic target acquisition system works in the T-90M Proryv tank. The digital fire control system with automatic target tracking mode itself rotates the turret of the Russian T-90M "Breakthrough" tank and calculates all the adjustments, the crew only has to fire a shot.

 

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The Russian UAV countermeasure system Kupol-PRO was shown by a representative of the manufacturer Avtomatika Concern JSC. The complex "Kupol-PRO" of circular action is capable of operating in 10 frequency bands and suppressing the navigation, control and data transmission channels of drones at a distance of up to 4 kilometers. The effective radiated power of the complex is 80 watts. The weight of the complex is 4 kilograms.

 

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Footage of a Russian T-72 tank with additional armor made by non-factory specialists has been published. Judging by the footage, at the moment this is the most armored Russian tank in a makeshift way. The tank is somewhat similar to the Russian experimental tank T-90 "Burlak", the shape of the tower repeats its outlines. The tank is also protected from above, a canopy against drones is visible on the car. Why and by whom the tank was made is not reported

 

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Another modernization of the Russian light armored transporter MT-LB, judging by the facts, this is the most popular platform for reworking equipment. On the MT-LB chassis, a hub-32 aircraft unit with 32 57-mm unguided rockets was installed. The range of destruction of such an installation in the ground version is 4 km, it was put into service in the early 60s, and almost all planes and helicopters of the front-line aviation of the USSR Air Force were equipped with them.

 

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Russia has resumed production of T-80 tanks. The initial version of the T-80 was mass-produced in the USSR from 1976 to 1978 at factories in Omsk and Kharkov; more than 10 thousand vehicles were produced. Until now, Uralvagonzavod has modernized the Soviet-built T-80. The main distinguishing feature of the T-80 tanks is the presence of a gas turbine engine. Also, the tank can be refueled with any fuel, diesel, gasoline and kerosene, the tank is easy to start at low temperatures. The decision to produce T-80 tanks was made after analyzing application experience. In the future, Russian T-80 tanks will be equipped with Arena-M active protection systems. Now all tanks available in Russia are being upgraded to the T-80BVM level. The tanks are equipped with a multi-channel gunner's sight, a 125-mm cannon, a modified gas turbine engine with a capacity of up to 1,250 horsepower, a weapon stabilizer and a driver's observation device. Examples of using the tank are in the links to the video in the comments to the video.

 

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The Russian BMP-3F armored vehicle is being modernized, taking into account its use in Ukraine. The chief designer of the special mechanical engineering design bureau, Sergei Abdulov, spoke about this. The BMP-3F is a modification of the BMP-3 and is designed to increase the mobility, armament and security of marine units. As reported, the BMP-3F armored infantry vehicle will be modernized to counter UAVs and the American Javelin ATGM used by the Ukrainian army. There are no details of the modernization; apparently, factory canopies will be installed to protect against drones. It is not clear how protection against the Javelin ATGM will be made; perhaps dynamic protection systems will be installed on the drone canopies or on the armored vehicle itself. The timing of the appearance of new BMP-3F armored personnel carriers has not been announced.

 

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Serial production of the Russian self-propelled gun 2S35 “Coalition-SV” has begun; troops will soon begin to use the installation, since the army is now in dire need of a long-range self-propelled gun. The 2S35 self-propelled guns began to be produced in 2013, but in small batches, due to technical problems in implementing mass production of self-propelled gun components and ammunition. The self-propelled gun is based on a modified chassis of the T-90 main tank and has a mass of 48 tons. SAU 2S35 is the most ambitious artillery project in Russia. Since it is fully automated and superior to Western models in terms of firing range, this is a transitional project to fully robotic artillery. The vehicle is fully automated; to open fire, the crew just needs to press a button and the computer will carry out all the calculations, deploy the gun, and the automatic loader will fire the shells. The self-propelled gun "Coalition SV" with a 2A88 gun, 52 caliber, can hit targets when firing a "Krasnopol" rocket at a range of up to 70 km. The self-propelled gun can operate in fire attack mode, to put it simply, 16 shells per minute are fired at different gun elevation angles and they simultaneously reach the target, because of this the enemy does not have time to change position. The self-propelled gun can operate in a single digital automated command and control system, and its crew of 3 people is protected by the same capsule as that of the T-14 Armata tank. The self-propelled gun is equipped with a 12.7 Kord machine gun and sensors signaling laser irradiation. The self-propelled gun has 70 rounds of ammunition, some of which come from the Msta-S self-propelled gun. The price of the Coalition-SV self-propelled gun is unknown, but it is approximately three times more expensive than the Msta-S self-propelled gun.

 

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Footage of equipping 220 mm 9M27D shells with propaganda materials used in the Russian Uragan MLRS.

 

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Russian military personnel, during field repairs of military equipment, demonstrated the installation of lattice anti-cumulative screens on the BTR-82 and the installation of canopies from drones on TOS-1A Solntsepek combat vehicles. Anti-cumulative gratings do not provide 100% protection, but they reduce the risk of hitting an armored vehicle, and in some cases they divert the cumulative jet to the side.

 

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The improved army tow truck BREM-1M was received by Russian troops. Uralvagonzavod sent the Ministry of Defense a batch of modernized armored repair and recovery vehicles BREM-1M based on the T-90 tank. Previously, we talked about the BREM-1 army tow truck. BREM-1M is a modernized version and entered service in 2013. The Russian modernized BREM-1M vehicle is equipped with a winch with a traction force increased to 35 tons, as well as a hydraulic crane with a lifting capacity increased to 20 tons. BREM-1M is a mandatory combat unit in armored units. The vehicle is designed to evacuate damaged tanks, armored vehicles and other objects. The BREM-1M armored vehicle reaches speeds of up to 60 km per hour and overcomes a rise of 30 degrees, a ditch up to 2.8 meters wide and a wall up to 85 centimeters high. The vehicle is equipped with a V-92S2 engine with a power of 1000 hp. produced by ChTZ-URALTRAK. The vehicle has a 12.7 mm machine gun, a vehicle crew, a driver, a commander and a rigger.

 

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The commander of a group of snipers, call sign Yary, talks about his combat work in Ukraine. The sniper uses a Russian registered Raptor rifle with a caliber of 8.6 mm from BespokeGun. The Raptor rifle is designed with extreme durability and can withstand ultra-high loads. In the production of a rifle, for the first time in the world, a new technology for manufacturing the chamber was successfully used, this is the place where the cartridge is placed. The rifle was created in the shortest possible time in close cooperation with Russian snipers. High precision manufacturing of the rifle, triple thermal stabilization in the production of components, and an aluminum stock made it possible to achieve high accuracy of fire. The rifle is equipped with a Picatinny rail and has a 5-round magazine. The weight of the rifle is 7 kg, the effective firing range of the rifle is up to 2000 meters. The basic configuration of the rifle costs from 1,250,000 rubles or $15,000.

 

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The Armata

View attachment 61212

So far 132 of these have been produced and after new electronics and works on the engine based on experiences of testing in the operation zone it is estimated that production after retrofits will start around 2024.

Engine

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The current engines ranges are estimated for the tank to be over 500kms. Engine is 1,200 hp in peacetime with an 1800 hp combat mode. There is an ongoing modernization to push it to 2000 hp nominal (the so-called scalable engine) and this is where they are having real delays with the engine. The fuel consumption is also very modest compared to previous diesels or gas turbines. This allows the T-14 to have all of its fuel stored in internal tanks in the recesses around the turret basket and the space within the firewall between the combat and the automotive compartment. This fuel serves as additional armor and since its internal any fire can be put out by the firefighting equipment with no issue whatsoever, unlike external tanks on the fenders which can only be extinguished by dudes from the outside which is something not highly recommended during combat. The additional horsepower is also needed to generate power for all the electronics the T-14 has from computers, electric guns, optical cameras, infrared and UVs sensors along with radars operating in 26-40ghz radars which I will cover next.

Electronics

View attachment 61216

The Afghanit APS radar operates at 26-40ghz which can track 40 ground targets or 25 aerodynamic targets. Stated to have a 100km range which can be BS but the radar offers cannon correction in targeting, stated to deal with rpgs, atgms and even KEPs using 107mm rockets with stopping speeds of 1,700ms with future plans for 3000m/s stopping speeds. The tank also has a softkill system using aerosol grenades to block infrared and laser guidance. The tank also has cameras in the far and near infrared range, radar can operate in passive mode and the tank has its own drone called pterodactyl which uses a cable as an option to transmit information through the cable meaning the tank can operate in stealth mode while still having huge surveillance since the drone has a portable radar and thermal night vision. The Armata also has a 7 cannister launcher each of which fires a projectile in the air called the eyes which releases a parachute unit equipped with a HD camera which then beams the feed into the vehicle after getting launched 300 meters into the air.

Future upgrades of course will be updating the stopping speeds of the APS to 3km/s, Received a electronic news report 3 days ago that russians have made thermal camera prototypes that can identify targets 20kms away in the SWIR and near infrared resolution range range without weather conditions effecting its sightings, and there is a photonic integrated circuit production starting in 2024 where the radars can operate at higher frequencies and extended ranges with noise levels that are 100 times lower than conventional radars operating with MMICs, New electronics can be a variety of these changes if not a year or 2 later, future upgrades of it can still happen at a later time.

Armament

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Comes with a 125mm cannon that uses Vacuum-1 or Vacuum-2 rounds with either tungsten or depleted uranium with either 900mm or 1 meter penetration capabilities along with a 12.7mm kord gun. American sources have suggested the Sprinter has a 12km range based on their experiences with the MRM-CE the T-14 Armata would definitely be a much heavier missile than the MRM-CE with the capacity to take up substantial solid propellant reserves, if nothing else thanks to its more powerful gun. If Krasnopol only has a measly 12 km in a pure ballistic trajectory, the rocket gives its a boost of 33% to range, and the glide fins take it to the rest of the way to the target out to 20 km. range can be supported from 20km infrared detection, 20km active/passive radar detection since the afghanit AESA radar would have a longer range than the old 10km radar tested on the T-95 platform tank and then there is the drone with the range assistance meaning different tracking solutions can be optimized into sensor fused data for the best outcome in targetting precision. The T-90 Breakthrough with its current 7km infrared range managed to hit a target at that range with 7km where the Armata can do this from 20kms. Has an unmanned turret and fires 10-12 rounds per minute.

Future plans suggest a 152mm cannon and 30mm anti-aircraft guns which means sabot rounds will penetrate deeper than 1-meter estimates, new ATGMs with a slightly big diameter will offer more range and impact. And the Russians have managed to go from 57mm, 30mm to 23mm rounds that are capable of controlled self-detonation at a certain distance and certain time killing personnel more effectively and higher chance of aerial interception against drones and incoming missiles. And with current netcentric warfare targeting data can be exchanged with other units

Protection

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Assuming the soft kill and hard kill APS systems get defeated the next subject is armor protection. The relikt is estimated at 1100mm -1200mm protection against KEP rounds and the current armor protection on the malachite which is suggested to be higher is classified. T-14 has been added with new dynamic protection called the monolith which uses these "energetic materials" that work on the principle of local dispensation of energy in a narrow area, this 2nd layer of protection is considered classified like the malachite and also the crew is protected additionally in a 900mm RHA capsule

Criticism
Only criticism I have is the tank not having sensors to avoid mines. Mine rollers and trawlers do jack shit against mines layed behind, to the flanks, or right on top of the assault column. Its also damn near impossible to keep the demining vehicle intact when its leading the formation and bearing the brunt of enemy fire. They also slow the entire group to a crawl and prevent the combat elements from spreading out and deploying as much of their firepower. What is needed is an APS for mines. A combined multichannel - visual/thermal/radar sensor that looks for mines and low threats, and a bow mount weapon either an HMG or a GL to take out those threats from afar. This would severely limit the possible damage from remotely laid mines and allow the assault group to assume proper attack formation and actually use their firepower and mobility as efficiently as they can.


References


















 
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Gary

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Tank design is one of those rare occurrences where Russia is always one step ahead of the West at least in concept. From the introduction of APFSDS, smoothbore guns, autoloader, 3 men crew in the hull, and automatic turret.

The Armata is a neat design that I like, although to be fair the information posted here is clearly reserved for the highly hoped individual rather than the realist. There are only 4 X-type engines in existence and not one other than Russia proceeds with the design (at least on tanks). UKBTM has recently admitted failure. Hard to see the production engine in any production variant T-14.

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The Russian Ground Forces have become interested in the new Manul infantry fighting vehicle; the combat vehicle was created on the basis of the Dragoon BMP-3M in 2020. This became known from Roman Khromov, Deputy Executive Director for State Defense Orders and Military-Trade Cooperation at Kurganmashzavod. Why again we are not talking about the newest infantry fighting vehicles in Russia, the fact is that the production of the Manul infantry fighting vehicle does not require a radical restructuring of the production of Kurganmashzavod. The Manul BMP has the same chassis, transmission, and electrical equipment as the BMP-3. The Manul BMP is an easy transition to the next generation of combat vehicles. A unified technical base and unification of components with the BMP-3 also reduces the cost of servicing the vehicle. The designers of the BMP-3 initially manufactured the combat vehicle in such a way that it could be easily modified. The Manul infantry fighting vehicle can now be equipped with a 57-mm automatic cannon, which is installed in the Epoch uninhabited combat module; the firing range of this weapon is up to 14.5 kilometers, with a rate of fire of up to 80 rounds per minute. The previously uninhabited module had a 30-mm automatic cannon. The vehicle also has a 7.62 mm machine gun with a supply of 2,000 rounds of ammunition. To protect against tanks, the Manul BMP is armed with an ATGM with a tandem warhead. The BMP is equipped with a UTD-32 engine with a power of 660 horsepower, which is located in the front of the combat vehicle, which is done for better crew survivability. The BMP reaches speeds of up to 70 km/h, the vehicle has a crew of 3 people and 8 landing personnel. The price of the Manul infantry fighting vehicle is unknown, but they say that it is very affordable.

 

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