Russia Land Forces and Vehicles Programs

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A Russian serviceman appreciated the American FN Minimi machine gun of the Ukrainian army. Previously, the machine gun belonged to the Ukrainian Azov unit and was captured near Avdiivka. The machine gun was tested at the training ground. The FN Minimi machine gun was created by the Belgian company FN in 1974. The Minimi prototype was created chambered for 7.62x51, but then the caliber was changed in favor of 5.56x45. In 1982, the FN Minimi machine gun was adopted by the United States under the designation M249. The Minimi Para called M249 Para was also adopted. The M249 is currently manufactured in the United States by a subsidiary of FN Manufacturing. FN Minimi machine guns are popular and used by 45 countries, including under other indexes, some of the countries are shown on the screen. The machine gun has been modernized several times and has various modifications, including those chambered for 7.62 cartridge. Despite its popularity, the FN Minimi machine gun has problems that have not been completely eliminated. The problem of machine gun failures when fed from magazines, rapid failure of the barrel, with a large number of shots fired continuously from a cold barrel. The rate of fire of the machine gun, depending on the modification, is from 750 to 1000 rounds per minute. The maximum firing range is up to 3600 meters, a 100 or 200-round cartridge belt is used, and a 30-round magazine can also be used. The weight of the machine gun is from 5 to 8.5 kg. Details in the video.

 

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Russian special forces received the Frog ground drone, but it is not known who is producing it. The wheeled robotic complex “Frog” was modified by military personnel, after which its operating range began to reach 3 kilometers; according to test results, the drone was considered successful. The “Frog” drone can transport grenades, shells and mines, as well as be equipped with explosives, the drone’s carrying capacity is up to 30 kg. Most likely the drone will be used as a ground-based kamikaze drone. The drone is controlled like a regular FPV drone, the operator uses goggles and a joystick. Installing an electric motor made the drone almost silent; each wheel is equipped with an electric motor. Due to its small dimensions, the drone is difficult to notice from the air; it has a low height and can drive under armored vehicles. The drone has a power reserve of about an hour, a speed of up to 20 km/h, the price is still unknown, but the drone is reportedly being mass-produced.

 

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The Russian army began conducting exercises to storm the positions of a mock enemy on motorcycles. The video shows the rapid approach of motorized riflemen to enemy positions and the occupation of trenches. The location of the shooting and the models of equipment used are not disclosed.

 

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Military personnel from Russian repair units spoke about the installation of new standard protection and anti-cumulative grilles on the BTR-82A.

 

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Russian developers TsNIITochmash continue testing the Lotos self-propelled guns; the unit may soon enter service with the troops. Preliminary tests of the airborne 120-mm self-propelled gun 2S42 were carried out back in 2023; the self-propelled gun is being developed for airborne and marine units. The 2S42 Lotos self-propelled gun is designed to replace the existing 2S9 Nona-S self-propelled guns and will complement the family of the new Vena self-propelled guns and Phlox self-propelled guns, which we previously showed. It is worth noting that the Vena self-propelled gun is a more advanced solution, but also more expensive. The Lotos self-propelled gun is made on the basis of the BMD-4M with an extended hull and the addition of two rollers on the chassis, this reduces the cost of production and simplifies maintenance. The self-propelled gun has a 120 mm gun that combines the properties of a cannon, howitzer and mortar; it can also use “Kitolov” guided projectiles. The self-propelled gun turret has a highly automated fighting compartment, the rate of fire of the 2S42 “Lotos” is up to 8 rounds per minute, at a range of up to 13 km, the “simultaneous fire attack” firing mode is used. Ammunition - about 40 shots. To protect the crew, a 7.62 mm Kalashnikov tank machine gun is used. The Lotos self-propelled gun has a mass of 18 tons and reaches a speed of up to 70 km/h, with a cruising range of at least 500 km. The combat crew of the vehicle is four people.

 

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The video shows a Russian homemade 73mm cannon, created from a 2A28 Grom cannon, removed from a BMP-1 and mounted on a wheeled chassis from a 2B9 Vasilek automatic mortar. The maximum firing range of a homemade artillery gun is 4400 meters, the sighting range is up to 1300 meters.

 

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Mobile shelters from nuclear weapons are being created in Russia. The mobile shelter "KUB-M" is a modular type, developed by the scientific organization of the Ministry of Emergency Situations - VNII GOChS. The KUB-M shelter provides protection from the air shock wave and light radiation of a nuclear explosion and its consequences, as well as from the high-explosive and fragmentation effects of conventional weapons. It has an autonomous water supply system of 440 liters, a partial regeneration system for internal air, a 15 kW/h diesel power plant, everything you need, all designed for 48 hours. The shelter can be connected to existing utility networks. It is worth noting that there are many underground shelters in Russia, but most of them are abandoned. The basic “KUB-M” configuration accommodates 54 people and a technical unit; the shelter can be expanded with additional modules. If necessary, the nuclear shelter can be transported by road or rail. The production, transportation and installation of the KUB-M shelter is two times cheaper than the construction of a stationary shelter; its production and installation takes only three months.

 

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Improved Russian GShG-7.62 machine gun for protection against naval drones. Russian engineer Igor Vasiliev (possibly Ivan Vasiliev), modified the Soviet four-barreled machine gun GShG-7.62, developed in 1968. Now, several machine guns for testing will be installed on helicopters and boats of the Russian Black Sea Fleet. Reportedly, the most effective was hitting Ukrainian naval drones with a machine gun in the doorway of helicopters. The GShG-7.62 machine gun was made electro-mechanical, with automatic operation both from a battery and from the energy of powder gases. Quite often the machine gun overheated; the rate of fire of the machine gun was up to 6000 rounds per minute. Igor Vasiliev figured out how to replace a gas engine with an electric one. The four-barreled machine gun GShG-7.62 was modernized - the mechanical automation was removed, an electric motor and mounts for collimator sights were installed. Now you can arbitrarily change the pace from 5 to 100 shots per second. This increased the time of continuous operation. The machine gun was tested in action while the ship was moving and pitching. The weapon easily hit a meter-long target from a distance of 150–200 meters.

 

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Homemade protection against FPV drones, the so-called king-barbecue, began to be installed on Russian BTR-82A. The armored personnel carrier is also equipped with a homemade mine trawl made from chains. The design of the protection is of course archaic, but now it is more effective than the current electronic warfare systems that protect equipment from FPV drones. It is worth noting that the development of protection and weapons against FPV drones is underway in many countries, but there are still no effectively working and mass-produced copies.

 

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Footage of Russian military personnel using a robotic remote-controlled platform designed for cargo delivery. Despite the high center of gravity, judging by the video, the platform is stable. It is not reported whether it is a homemade design or a factory version, the model name is also unknown. The robotic complex on a wheeled platform is driven by electric motors and controlled using a joystick and tablet. The robotic platform can reach speeds of up to 40 km/h and has a range of up to 40 km. The carrying capacity of the transport platform is up to 250 kilograms.

 

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The Kalashnikov Concern announced the start of production by the Research Institute of Steel, a Russian modified anti-fragmentation blanket "Egida-U". The video shows the testing of the first version of the Aegis anti-fragmentation blanket. The protective blanket is designed to protect against fragmentation and secondary explosion factors and provides both human protection and local protection when the blanket covers doorways, window openings and other objects. The first version of the protective blanket “Aegis-” stopped more than 85% of fragments of F-1 and RGN grenades; the fragments that managed to pierce the blanket could not cause harm because they had lost their damaging power. Also, a Stechkin pistol with a 9 mm caliber could not penetrate it. The reinforced anti-fragmentation blanket "Egida-U" guarantees complete protection against F-1 and RGN grenades from distances of 3 and 5 meters.
Protective capes can be connected with loops to each other and increase the protection area.
The improved Egida-U protective blanket has been modified to protect against detection by night vision devices and thermal imaging sights. It is also radio transparent and can be used to protect radar station nodes. The Egida-U protective blanket is made of high-strength ballistic aramid fabric and UHMWPE and has a weight of 10 kg, the dimensions of the blanket are 1000 by 2000 millimeters. The price of the Egida-U protective blanket is about 170 thousand rubles or 1900 dollars.

 

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Rare footage of the Russian 120-mm towed gun 2B16 “Nona-K”. The towed gun is quite rare, there are about 100 of them in the Russian army. Previously, we showed the use of the gun by the Ukrainian army, but it was taken from a museum. The Nona-K gun was produced from 1986 to 1989 and combines the capabilities of a cannon, howitzer and mortar; the gun was designed taking into account combat operations in Afghanistan, but was not used there. The 2B16 gun is a towed version of the 2A51 gun, mounted on the 2S9 Nona-S self-propelled artillery gun. The Nona-K gun can fire conventional rifled shells and mines, which are also suitable for a conventional 120-mm mortar. Table of shells and their data on the screen. In terms of their effectiveness, some types of 120-mm shells of this gun are close to 152-mm howitzer shells. The firing range of the Nona-K gun with an active-missile projectile is up to 12,800 meters; it is also possible to use Kitolov-2 guided projectiles. The rate of fire of the 2B16 “Nona-K” gun is up to 10 rounds per minute, the crew of the gun is up to 5 people, the weight is 1200 kg.

 

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Footage of a demonstration in Russia, protecting an object with a network from drone attacks. It is worth noting that factory-made protective networks against drones have already begun to be sold. Protecting objects with a network is a fairly simple solution, but it is also the most effective if there are no group attacks by drones.

 

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The Russian and Syrian armies conducted exercises to repel an attack by a mock enemy at the Tartus base. According to the exercise scenario, the enemy attacked using UAVs and sea drones. The exercises used the S-300 air defense system, the Pantsir-S1 air defense system and the Strela-10 air defense system, and the military personnel used Verba man-portable anti-aircraft missile systems. Anti-sabotage boats of the Black Sea Fleet "Cadet" and small missile boats of the Syrian Navy were also involved.
As part of the exercise, crews of the Bastion coastal missile systems repelled an attempt to attack surface ships of a mock enemy from the sea. According to the exercise scenario, enemy landing ships advanced to the Syrian coast to land forces and seize a bridgehead. The crews of the missile systems arrived in advance at the position areas where they deployed the Bastion missile launchers.

 

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The Ukrainian T-72AMT tank was equipped with radio control in Russia. Russian military personnel tested the T-72AMT radio-controlled tank. The T-72AMT was previously used by the Ukrainian army. Operators control the tank like an FPV drone, using a remote control and FPV glasses. The radio control range is not reported, presumably it can be the same as that of FPV drones up to 15 km, but the tank can be equipped with a more powerful transmitter, and communication repeaters can also be used. T-72AMT is a Ukrainian modification of the T-72A tanks produced in 2017 at the Kiev Armored Plant. The tank has undergone many upgrades. In terms of protection, the tank is close to the Russian T-72B3 tanks. Today, the Ukrainian army has about 40 T-72AMT tanks, some of which have not received all the improvements included in the project.

 

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Military personnel of the Russian repair and restoration battalion began to assemble small-scale homemade all-terrain vehicles. The all-terrain vehicle can be assembled on the basis of any car; at the moment it does not have its own name. The all-terrain vehicle reaches a speed of 80 km/h and has a range of 400 kilometers; it can carry up to 5 people. In terms of driving performance, the all-terrain vehicle is not inferior to a buggy, details in the video.

 

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Tests of an improved prototype of the heavy robotic demining complex MGR-4 "Shmel" took place in Russia. The robot minesweeper MGR-4 was developed by the High-Precision Complexes enterprises: Kovrov Electromechanical Plant (KEMZ) and VNII Signal. The mine-sapping robot MGR-4 was created on the basis of the Ant-1000 mini-loader; unification with the loader makes it possible to reduce the cost of serial production of the robot. The main purpose of the MGR-4 robot is to detect and eliminate anti-personnel mines.
The complex is controlled at a range of 1000 meters, it is provided by the Prometheus control system developed by the VNII Signal, which is also used in Russian combat vehicles. The robot is equipped with a hydraulically driven winch and a chain hammer trawl. The modernized model of the MGR-4 robotic complex uses a mine trawl with an increased soil loosening depth of up to 250 mm, the shape of the impact hammers has been replaced, and the length of the chain has been adjusted. A new scheme for moving the trawl above the ground has been introduced; when the trawl is in a floating position, it bends around the terrain. The mass of the MGR-4 “Shmelya” is 4 tons, the speed of movement when clearing mines is 1 km/h, the width of the cleared surface with this trawl is 2.2 meters.

 

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Footage assessing the armor of the American-made M113 armored personnel carrier, previously used in the Ukrainian army. The M113 armored personnel carrier was developed in the USA in 1959 and was produced until 2007. The M113 armored personnel carrier is one of the most common in the world; more than 80 thousand units were produced. The armor of the M113 armored personnel carrier was tested at the training ground of one of the Russian military research institutes. The body of the M113 armored personnel carrier is welded, it consists of 45 mm sheets of aluminum armor, with the addition of manganese and magnesium. The M113 armored personnel carrier was fired from a Russian armored personnel carrier-82A with a 2A72 automatic cannon of 30 mm caliber. Also, the Russian ASVK 12.7 mm sniper rifle, with an armor-piercing cartridge, was used to fire at the M113 armored personnel carrier from a distance of 100 meters.

 

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Russian troops received Tablet-A complexes for artillery fire control, based on Atlet armored vehicles. It is worth noting that we previously talked about the “Tablet-M-IR” version, it is newer, but the “Tablet-A” version was sent to the troops. The “Tablet-A” complex was developed by the Kovrov All-Russian Scientific Research Institute “Signal”, based on tablet computers, based on Russian Komdiv-64 processors. The Tablet-A complex is capable of controlling the fire of almost all weapons in service. "Tablet-A" increases the effectiveness of counter-battery warfare, significantly reducing response time; it collects data to calculate fire parameters. The complex can work with any reconnaissance equipment, radar, laser range finders, thermal imagers, automated weather kits, ballistic computers and UAVs, receiving data in real time via satellite channels. All data is processed and transmitted to the screen to the gun commander, the brand of the gun and the type of shells are taken into account. After receiving the coordinates of the targets, the commander of the artillery unit, in just a few clicks, ensures the calculation of firing settings and their transfer to specific guns.

 

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A prototype of the Impuls-M universal tracked platform, developed jointly with the Moscow company Gumich, was shown in Russia. The Russian robotic complex "Impulse-M" has a modular design and is planned to be used for cargo transportation and for installing various equipment, including different types of weapons; it can be used for laying mines and evacuating the wounded. Testing of the platform with an anti-tank missile system is already planned. The robot's tracked chassis is distinguished by high reliability and maintainability in field conditions; it can continue moving without several rollers. The Impulse-M robot implements various types of communication between the operator and the robot, which ensures operation in electronic warfare conditions. If the connection is lost, the robot can continue the route to its destination and return back to the base along the same path. The length of the Impulse-M robot is about 2 meters, it is capable of transporting a load weighing 1 ton on a horizontal surface. On a 30-degree climb, the robot can transport up to 500 kg, and on a trailer it can pull up to 1.5 tons.

 

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