Casual Discussion Linux Distributions (so called: Distros) : the secret word, SUDO

Anmdt

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Want to get something done, then SUDO it. you can even wipe your data with a single command, use with caution.

There are probably hundreds or thousands of linux distros out there, forked from main development line and further forked into specialized operating systems according to taste and designs, we are going to mention a few major operating systems in here.
The OS'es mentioned in here is "free" not in terms of money, but they are community driven and developed by Open-Sourcing. However some of them may contain non-free libraries and packages.

*Desktop environment : is GUI of an OS which user can interact with mouse/keyboard. Most of Linux based OS can run in headless mode (without a screen and GUI), there are multiple options of DE which can be installed as preffered by user, or user may download the version which is bundled with that specific DE. Look of your OS entirely relies on the DE, which you can change anytime at your preference.

OpenSUSE:
Community version of SUSE Linux aimed at enterprise operating systems, also supported by variety of drivers and commercial programs (mainly except of commercial CAD softwares which heavily relies on graphic libraries)
Thumbleweed stream is rolling release, which you dont have to upgrade your OS by years, it is upgraded through updates.
Leap stream is regular releases which you may need to upgrade,through simple to use tools, with new releases.

CentOS:
Community enterprise Operating system (CentOS) is community version of Red Hat Ent. Linux (RHEL) ,dedicated for server applications which you can rely on for a decade even longer, driver support is limited yet it is often supported by commercial engineering applications (except CAD).

Centos Stream , is rolling release version of CentOS X, where X is the release number (latest is 8)

Fedora:
A community driven development stream, is mainly created for testing and stabilizing RHEL, again supported by Red Hat and maintained by community. RHEL and CentOS is stable versions of the Fedora. Fedora has proper support of libraries, yet again being built on Linux, it may suffer lack of particular drivers.
Fedora has "spins" which is the fedora versions bundled with different Desktop Environment* .

Ubuntu:
Some OEM vendors sell their products with Ubuntu installed and provides sufficient drivers for that specific platform, Ubuntu is the most widely used Linux Distro (in Personal computers) developed and distributed by Canonical Ltd. Also presents Ubuntu server stream which is a Stable version.
Ubuntu has "flavors" which is bundled with different DE, such as: Kubuntu is KDE oriented Ubuntu, Xubuntu is XFCE etc.

Manjaro:
Often referred as "most user friendly linux distro" Manjaro comes with customization which is similar of Windows, so users can adapt easily.
Manjaro can be downloaded with different DE.

Mint:
As Manjaro, Mint is also referred as most user friendly distro which is easy to adapt for newcomers.

Debian:
Father of the many distros, is hard to use and perfect for server applications usually suggested for advanced users which is aware of what they are going to do with the OS. Debian focuses on "free" OS, which you may need to install non-free modules on your own, or through choosing proper non-free installation media.

Pardus:
Developed by Tubitak, first few releases was based on Gentoo, later versions are a Debian fork, aimed at state agencies, military offices and general purpose uses.

Tails:
Aiming at privacy, runs on memory, installed on USB disks and doesn't leave any trace on the hard disk of the device, comes with a Built-in tor services and uses Tor browser as default browser.

Elementary OS:
you want to get a MacOS looking DE and OS , dashing GUI and easy to use for light users.

Personal suggestions, Manjaro, Mint and Elementary OS are good to go at first uses since they are non to a little relies on terminal for light usages and also targets light users (terminal is that scary text based window where you type stuff and get stuff done).
Additional notes: Driver support varies between distros ,or whichever main distribution they were based on (such as RHEL, Debian), however once a library becomes available for one particular OS, it is usually branched for the another. Also commercial software developers tends to distribute Linux versions of their products and day by day it becomes more accessible.


For further reviews there are a few sources in here:
 
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