South China Sea disputes between China and the Philippines


2 19
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United States of America
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The relationship between the United States and China has been ups and downs recently, and the United States plays an equally important role in the South China Sea. This has led to constant confrontation between China and the Philippines, adding to the unrest in the South China Sea.
In 1999, the Philippines dispatched the combat tank landing ship USS Sierra Madre, which was about to be retired, and deliberately beached it on the Second Thomas Shoal.
During the 6-year term (2018-2022) of former President Rodrigo Duterte, the relationship between Beijing and Manila was still good. At that time, the Chinese Coast Guard allowed the Philippines to continue transporting supplies to the Sierra Madre. However, when relations between the two countries deteriorated in the future, China blocked the transportation route of the supply ship's construction materials.
Due to the rise of China's power and the deterioration of U.S.-China relations, since Ferdinand Marcos Jr. took office as president in June 2022, under the instigation of the United States, the Philippines' foreign policy has undergone a 180-degree change, not only reversing The previous president’s pro-China policy also rekindled the alliance with the United States and began to loudly condemn Beijing’s incursion into Manila’s 200-nautical-mile exclusive economic zone.
However, in response to China’s recent announcement that it will implement the new regulations of the China Coast Guard Law passed in 2021, allowing coast guard ships to fire on foreign ships in Chinese waters, including the South China Sea that has sovereignty disputes with the Philippines, Vietnam and other countries, the Philippines accused China is provocative and claims that if it fires on foreign ships, it will not only violate the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), but also violate the United Nations Charter. All countries have the responsibility to avoid the use of force, especially when illegally claiming maritime sovereignty.
Amid the months-long territorial dispute, foreign suspects suspected of intruding into China's sovereign territorial waters or waters can be detained for 30 to 60 days without trial, according to Beijing's new Administrative Law Enforcement Procedure Regulations for Coast Guard Agencies, which took effect on June 15. , causing the Philippines to protest, saying that this action had no legal basis, and would resort to the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea, Itlos, to fight back. President Marcos also takes a tough stance and threatens to activate the US-Philippines Mutual Defense Treaty.
To sum up, since the Sierra Madre cannot last forever, the Philippines will be forced to evacuate the marines stationed on the ship when the ship is about to sink. This is China's intention for a protracted war, but China-Philippines relations still remain. Increasingly tense. However, the controversial issues have not been resolved and have only been shelved or suppressed. How long this situation can last depends on the respective influence of the two major powers, the United States and China.


Experienced member
Denmark Correspondent
28 19,143
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Philippines, need to Beach another big vessel, or build island like China did. Nothing else will matter.

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