Indian General Missile and Guided Munition Archive

Gautam

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MOD NOTE:

All General Indian Missile and Projectile developments that do not fit into these specific threads:





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An upcoming missile :
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The sea skimming missile is being developed for use from Sea King helicopters. It's an air launched anti ship missile to enable carriage by Indian Navy's shipborne Sea King helicopters to replace the currently in use Sea Eagle missiles(pic below). The SR in the name suggests there will be a MR and LR version in the future.
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Nilgiri

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A DRDO-developed Laser Guided Anti Tank Guided Missile (ATGM) also known as Canon-Launched Guided Missile (CLGM) was successfully test fired from MBT Arjun Tank at KK Ranges, Armoured Corps Centre and School (ACC&S) Ahmednagar on 22nd Sep 2020. In these tests, the ATGM successfully defeated a target located at 3 km.

Laser guided ATGMs lock and track the targets with the help of laser designation to ensure precision hit accuracy. The missile employs a tandem HEAT warhead to defeat Explosive Reactive Armour (ERA) protected armoured vehicles. It has been developed with multiple-platform launch capability and is currently undergoing technical evaluation trials from gun of MBT Arjun.

Armament Research & Development Establishment (ARDE) Pune in association with High Energy Materials Research Laboratory (HEMRL) Pune, and Instruments Research & Development Establishment (IRDE) Dehradun have developed the missile.
 

Gautam

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A pic from the late 2000s Dr. V. K. Saraswat, former DRDO chief inspects the CLGM in its very early years.
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Internals :
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The ATGM was primarily meant for the Arjun Tank but there was an infanty version of it too. The launcher was borrowed from the Russian Kornet ATGM's launcher :
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The CLGM's shoulder fired version was named SAMHO :
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In the recent years an new version has come forth. This is a smaller version, probably lighter too. The IR seeker has been removed by a W-band seeker. May be its meant to be fired from drones. We don't know yet.
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Gautam

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The SAAW is a 125kg precision guided bomb with 100 km striking range. The warhead is some 72kg in weight. The guidance is driven by NavIC/GAGAN and an RCI developed IIR seeker in the terminal phase.

The entire body is made out of composites to make it stealthier. Even the wings are made of composites :
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It is incredibly accurate :
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Available is twin racks and quad racks depending on the payload capacity of the aircraft :
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Paro

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The SAAW is a 125kg precision guided bomb with 100 km striking range. The warhead is some 72kg in weight. The guidance is driven by NavIC/GAGAN and an RCI developed IIR seeker in the terminal phase.

The entire body is made out of composites to make it stealthier. Even the wings are made of composites :
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It is incredibly accurate :
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Available is twin racks and quad racks depending on the payload capacity of the aircraft :
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I thought these were already in active service. Iaf wanted to use them during the balakot raid.
 

Gautam

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I thought these were already in active service. Iaf wanted to use them during the balakot raid.
There were prototypes available that were meant for weapon testing. Production orders hadn't come in then.
 

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India should not just advertise this just as Anti-Airfield weapon, this type of missiles can be even used for anti-ship roles. India needs to up their PR game in general, improve brand recognition at the international stage.
 

Gautam

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India should not just advertise this just as Anti-Airfield weapon, this type of missiles can be even used for anti-ship roles
Munitions with continuous trust output for a majority of their flight profile are called missiles. Cruise missiles/ballistic missiles have an engine continuously firing to provide them with thrust power.

The SAAW one has no engine at all, its a glide bomb. It is dropped from a height, then it will deploy the wings and glide on to the target. That's it. The only fancy thing here is the guidance and navigation kit. The SAAW can be used for Anti-ship role, but it is less than optimal option. It will probably only effective against undefended or weakly defended ships.

As far as airborne anti-ship missiles go we have the American Harpoon in service with our P-8Is, then there is the Brahmos-A on the Su-30MKIs. There will be a subsonic air-launched anti-ship cruise missile soon for all our fighters.

There is a hypersonic air-launched missile coming up too. Meant to be used for anti-ship use and also taking out hardened bunkers etc. Speed is aimed at Mach 7.5 to 8.
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India needs to up their PR game in general, improve brand recognition at the international stage.
That's true.
 

Paro

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There were prototypes available that were meant for weapon testing. Production orders hadn't come in then.
What I have heard was saaw was available back then. Drdo was even told to start equipping them. They were turned down last-minute over the commercially available spike so as not to compromise the attack profile as it was going to be the front line weapon on paf and chinese runways in a future conflict.
A single Su30 can carry 20 of them which can penetrate runways and hardened shelters alike. A pair of bomb trucks can wipe out an airfield in a conflict. This is IAFs answer for PLARFs BMs in an immediate conflict.
 
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Gautam

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What I have heard was saaw was available back then. Drdo was even told to start equipping them. They were turned down last-minute over the commercially available spike so as not to compromise the attack profile as it was going to be the front line weapon on paf and chinese runways in a future conflict.
A single Su30 can carry 20 of them which can penetrate runways and hardened shelters alike. A pair of bomb trucks can wipe out an airfield in a conflict. This is IAFs answer for PLARFs BMs in an immediate conflict.
Its hard to make sense of these things sometimes. During conflict the usual testing and equipping cycle goes for a toss, you use what you have. For example, there has been reports from multiple new sites about the deployment of Nirbhay missiles near the LAC. When did the Nirbhay enter service ? Apparently they are available in limited quantities.
 

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Another upcoming cruise missile :
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The sea skimming missile is being developed for use from Sea King helicopters. It's an air launched anti ship missile to enable carriage by Indian Navy's shipborne Sea King helicopters to replace the currently in use Sea Eagle missiles(pic below). The SR in the name suggests there will be a MR and LR version in the future.
View attachment 1109

I'm intrigued by the jet vanes on the booster. Why so much engineering into something that will ultimately be dropped into the sea?
 

Gautam

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I'm intrigued by the jet vanes on the booster. Why so much engineering into something that will ultimately be dropped into the sea?
The NASM will have multiple variants both by range and by operating platforms. We have plenty of large patrol boats that are essentially unarmed. At some stage it is likely that some variant of the NASM will find itself mounted on those boats using inclined launchers. Those jet vanes will come in handy in case you need over-the-shoulder missile firing capability.

The production line for all the variants of the missile will be the same, at least initially. So it makes sense to have maximum possible commonality in components, LRUs etc. You can save a lot of time & money that way in the long run. This is a lesson we learned the hard way with the Pinaka MBRL.
 

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I'm intrigued by the jet vanes on the booster. Why so much engineering into something that will ultimately be dropped into the sea?

Probably also helps with fast acquisition of pitch and roll stability (esp in adverse conditions). Leaves less for the main motor and its control system to do...they can then be optimised by mass/size more.
 

Test7

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Defence Minister Rajnath Singh congratulated the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) for the success.

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India successfully flight tested the Supersonic Missile Assisted Release of Torpedo (SMART) from Wheeler Island off the coast of Odisha on Monday.
All mission objectives, including missile flight upto the range and altitude, separation of the nose cone, the release of Torpedo and deployment of Velocity Reduction Mechanism (VRM), were met perfectly in the flight test.

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh congratulated the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) for the success.
"The DRDO has successfully flight tested the Supersonic Missile assisted release of Torpedo, SMART. This will be a major technology breakthrough for stand-off capability in anti-submarine warfare. I congratulate DRDO and other stakeholders for this significant achievement," Singh's tweet read.

SMART is a missile assisted release of lightweight Anti-Submarine Torpedo System for anti-submarine warfare (ASW) operations for far beyond torpedo range. This launch and demonstration are significant in establishing ASW capabilities.

Speaking about it, Chairman DRDO, Dr G Satheesh Reddy, said, "SMART is a game-changer technology demonstration in the ASW."
The events of today were monitored by the tracking stations (Radars, Electro Optical Systems) along the coast and the telemetry stations including down range ships.
A number of DRDO laboratories, including DRDL, RCI Hyderabad, ADRDE Agra, NSTL Visakhapatnam, have developed the technologies required for SMART.

Earlier, this month DRDO had successfully tested Laser-Guided Anti Tank Guided Missile. The test was conducted from MBT Arjun at KK Ranges (ACC&S) Ahmednagar in continuation with the successful trials done on September 22.


 

Gautam

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@Nilgiri @Paro @#comcom et al.....

This one weapon has significant implications for the whole region for a simple reason. Range. The missile has a max range of 650 km !!
Compare that with the 22km ranged ASROC or the Japanese 30km ranges rocket torpedo. There is no analogue to the SMART in the world today.

This range accompanied by the excellent detection capabilities of the Kamorta class ASW corvette, Dornier Do-228, Naval ALH, Boeing P-8I Neptunes & the soon to be acquired Guardian drones, we will be taking submarine warfare to a whole new level. I agree with Saurav Jha: "Wide area ASW... just got a lot wider."

We can let the sensors detect the subs & fire missiles from land. If the land is the Andamans, the entire Malacca strait is in range. You get the drift. I do think that the destroyers will carry these too. There is a lot of free deck space on the Kolkata class.

More photos :
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The missile at the end of its supersonic flight will release a torpedo, which will decelerate to subsonic speeds and hit the water. The torpedo is probably the NSTL/DRDO Advanced Light weight Torpedo(ALWT).

The ALWT is on par or better than most lightweight torpedoes out there in the world today. The only thing left to improve upon is the maximum depth. Right now operating depth is at 600 m, assuming a safety factor of 0.8 the maximum attainable depth is 750 m. There are torpedoes out there with 1000 m maximum depth. Range and speed will be further improved when the under-development high energy density batteries come. DRDO/NSTL are also working on super-cavitation technologies for underwater weaponry.

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Nilgiri

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This range accompanied by the excellent detection capabilities of the Kamorta class ASW corvette, Dornier Do-228, Naval ALH, Boeing P-8I Neptunes & the soon to be acquired Guardian drones, we will be taking submarine warfare to a whole new level. I agree with Saurav Jha: "Wide area ASW... just got a lot wider."

Yes this is real potency addition, integrating with such system as the P-8 so it can do a mid course steer or even re-assignment.

It will be interesting to see how this project evolves and matures. Excellent innovative start.
 
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