Russia Land Forces and Vehicles Programs

blackjack

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Tank design is one of those rare occurrences where Russia is always one step ahead of the West at least in concept. From the introduction of APFSDS, smoothbore guns, autoloader, 3 men crew in the hull, and automatic turret.

The Armata is a neat design that I like, although to be fair the information posted here is clearly reserved for the highly hoped individual rather than the realist. There are only 4 X-type engines in existence and not one other than Russia proceeds with the design (at least on tanks). UKBTM has recently admitted failure. Hard to see the production engine in any production variant T-14.

View attachment 61223
Video states the shortcomings the defense ministry had with the engine and seems they will resolve the issue to have the T-14 in full production in the 1st quarter of 2024 on new assembly lines with the T-90s.

put the video on auto translate and check the time stamp at 5:25 and onwards.

Also the electronics will undergo modifications.
 

Soldier30

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Russian military personnel have begun using the Drozd drone detector. The Russian Drozd drone detector is a fairly simple device; it does not have a signal frequency indication scale and instead emits a sound signal, the tone of which varies depending on the strength of the signal. When the drone detector is activated, the soldier simply points it in the direction of the suspected location of the drones and records the device's audio signals. After detecting the direction of the radiation source, anti-drone devices begin to work in this direction. It is worth noting that the drone detector is susceptible to radiation from WI-FI routers and other active devices, so it is best to use it away from populated areas. The device captures analog and digital video transmission signals, radio remote controls at frequencies of 2.4 GHz and 5.8 GHz. Signal reception distance is up to 3 km, capture angle is 120 degrees in line of sight conditions, continuous operation time is 33 hours. The Drozd drone detector is available for free sale, the price of the device is 25,000 rubles or 275 dollars.

 

Soldier30

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Footage of the process of calibrating and zeroing the guns of Russian T-55A tanks at one of the training grounds has been published. T-55A tanks have been removed from storage and belong to the 1430th Motorized Rifle Regiment. Externally and internally, the vehicles are in good condition; the tanks have undergone a major overhaul. Judging by the video, the tanks do not have any additional protection; apparently they will be used as mobile artillery and operate from closed firing positions. It can also be used as a quickly deployed block post. The T-55A tank is a modernization of the T-55 tank, which was designed on the basis of the T-54 tank. In 1958, mass production of T-55 tanks and its modifications was launched in the Soviet Union; in total, 14 thousand tanks of various modifications were produced in the USSR. The T-55A tank is equipped with a 100 mm D-10T2S cannon.

 

Soldier30

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Russian troops received the first batch of new self-propelled mortars "Drok" based on the armored vehicle "Typhoon-VDV". The self-propelled mortar "Drok" was developed for airborne units; the complex is an 82-mm 2S41 mortar with manual loading, mounted on the "Typhoon-VDV" armored vehicle. The armored vehicle fires both conventional ammunition and new mines with increased firing range and power. The maximum rate of fire is up to 15 rounds per minute at a range from 100 to 6000 meters. It is possible to fire directly and from the ground; for this purpose, the armored vehicle includes a separate 2B24 mortar. The Drok armored car is equipped with mechanized guidance drives, a modern fire control system and digital equipment that provides the crew with the ability to operate autonomously and communicate with control vehicles. To protect against an explosion with a power of up to 8 kg in TNT equivalent, the Typhoon-VDV received energy-absorbing seats and a V-shaped bottom. The armored vehicle is also equipped with a remote-controlled combat module with a large-caliber machine gun, and equipment units for an optical-electronic countermeasures complex are also located on the roof. The cruising range of the Typhoon-VDV armored vehicle is 800 km, maximum speed is 100 km/h, engine power is 350 hp. With. The vehicle is capable of overcoming an ascent or descent at an angle of at least 30 degrees, a ditch about 0.5 m wide, and crossing water obstacles with a depth of at least 1.5 m. The weight of the armored vehicle is 14 tons, e.g.

 

Soldier30

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An episode of the operation of the automatic loader of the Russian T-80BV tank, which was put into service in 1985. The T-80BV tank is armed with a 125 mm 2A46M-1 smoothbore gun with a cabin loading mechanism similar to the T-64. The tank is equipped with an automated fire control system 1A33 "Ob" and has a rate of fire of up to 9 rounds per minute. The T-80BV tank has 38 rounds of ammunition.

 

Soldier30

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The Russian company PPSh has developed protection for tanks from FPV drones. As you know, drones have become a problem for all crews of combat vehicles; there is no effective solution to combat drones yet. The PPSh company presented the Triton electronic warfare system, which can be installed on vehicles and used autonomously. There are no videos or details about the complex. According to the designers, the Triton complex operates in four bands, presumably at 868, 915, 1300, 2400 MHz. Control is carried out via a remote control for maximum operator safety; it is also possible to operate autonomously from a built-in battery and powered from the vehicle’s on-board network. It is not yet known whether this protection is tested in combat conditions or not.

 

blackjack

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T-14 radars operate in the 26.5-40ghz range meaning this august discovery is relevant to the electronics replacement that will happen to the T-14s radar consuming less power operating with GaN modules.

https://ruselectronics.ru/news/2524...tel-moshchnosti-dlya-zrk-blizhnego-deystviya/

At Army-2023, the Ruselectronics Holding of the Rostec State Corporation showed a new Ka-band semiconductor power amplifier for use in short-range anti-aircraft missile systems as part of radar stations. The use of the device will significantly reduce the size of the radar and reduce their power consumption, increase reliability and service life.

The amplifier was developed by NPP Salute, which is part of Ruselectronics. The new product was a continuation of the line of high-power solid-state devices based on gallium nitride created at the enterprise. The presented power amplifier is distinguished by the possibility of continuous operation for at least 24 hours, which allows it to be used as part of stationary radars. The developers managed to solve a complex thermal problem in conditions of small dimensions. The power amplifier has a built-in secondary power supply and control, its own cooling system and ventilation. The high efficiency of the cooling system is ensured by the use of carbon-containing heat sinks.

The amplifier operates in the Ka-band, has an average power of 350 W and a pulse power of about 1 kW, which makes it possible for radar stations based on it to detect low-contrast targets, such as drones, at a distance of up to 10 km.

"Solid-state devices based on gallium nitride are able to replace electrovacuum amplifiers as part of the radar, while they do not require high-voltage power supply, have small dimensions and weight, are characterized by increased reliability and electromagnetic compatibility. NPP Salyut has extensive experience in the development and production of solid-state radio transmitting devices of the Ku and Ka bands. The expertise available in this area allows the company to solve the problems of creating solid-state radar systems of various microwave ranges, both ground-based and air-based, "said Alexander Bushuev, General Director of NPP Salyut.
 

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In Russia, following the resumption of production of T-80 tanks, the production of GTD-1250 gas turbine engines will also be revived. For now, the Kaluga Engine plant is restoring the engines of T-80 tanks, but preparations are already beginning for the production of new engines for tanks. Presenter Alexey Egorov visited the plant and showed the process of creating parts for new engines, casting molds and creating the impeller of the first stage of a gas turbine engine. Now the plant plans to begin producing engines with a capacity of 1,500 hp by 2025. Tankers love to drive T-80 tanks, as they are powerful, easy to start and allow you to quietly get close to the enemy at a distance of 100 to 200 meters, the sound of the tank at the beginning of the video. There are many opponents of the production of gas turbine engines for tanks, but gas turbine engines are also installed on American M1 Abrams tanks. The fact is that with the same power as a diesel engine, a gas turbine engine has less weight, is reliable and less noisy, and starts better at low temperatures. It is also worth noting tens of times less oil consumption. The disadvantages of these engines are high cost, difficulty of maintenance and high fuel consumption. According to test results, the T-80 tank had 60-80% more fuel consumption than the T-64 and T-72 tanks. Since the appearance of the first T-80 tanks in 1976, they were equipped with GTD-1000T engines with a power of 1000 hp; from 1980 to 1986, modifications of the GTD-1000TF engines were produced for the T-80B and T-80BV tanks with a power of 1100 hp .hp, since 1986, the GTD-1250 modification for T-80U tanks with a power of 1250 hp went into production; this modification is now the main one and is installed on all T-80 tanks. There were also GTD-1400 engines, this is the serial GTD-1250 engine with a short-term power boost to 1400 hp. And the GTD-1500 “product 39” engine with a power of 1500 hp, created using the latest materials. In total, more than 10,000 tanks with GTD-1000T/1250 engines were produced

 

Chakib.Y

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In Russia, following the resumption of production of T-80 tanks, the production of GTD-1250 gas turbine engines will also be revived. For now, the Kaluga Engine plant is restoring the engines of T-80 tanks, but preparations are already beginning for the production of new engines for tanks. Presenter Alexey Egorov visited the plant and showed the process of creating parts for new engines, casting molds and creating the impeller of the first stage of a gas turbine engine. Now the plant plans to begin producing engines with a capacity of 1,500 hp by 2025. Tankers love to drive T-80 tanks, as they are powerful, easy to start and allow you to quietly get close to the enemy at a distance of 100 to 200 meters, the sound of the tank at the beginning of the video. There are many opponents of the production of gas turbine engines for tanks, but gas turbine engines are also installed on American M1 Abrams tanks. The fact is that with the same power as a diesel engine, a gas turbine engine has less weight, is reliable and less noisy, and starts better at low temperatures. It is also worth noting tens of times less oil consumption. The disadvantages of these engines are high cost, difficulty of maintenance and high fuel consumption. According to test results, the T-80 tank had 60-80% more fuel consumption than the T-64 and T-72 tanks. Since the appearance of the first T-80 tanks in 1976, they were equipped with GTD-1000T engines with a power of 1000 hp; from 1980 to 1986, modifications of the GTD-1000TF engines were produced for the T-80B and T-80BV tanks with a power of 1100 hp .hp, since 1986, the GTD-1250 modification for T-80U tanks with a power of 1250 hp went into production; this modification is now the main one and is installed on all T-80 tanks. There were also GTD-1400 engines, this is the serial GTD-1250 engine with a short-term power boost to 1400 hp. And the GTD-1500 “product 39” engine with a power of 1500 hp, created using the latest materials. In total, more than 10,000 tanks with GTD-1000T/1250 engines were produced

do you think the new production would use a different turret design (Burlak for instance) or will continue with the old cast iron turrets ?
 

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The Kurganmashzavod plant published footage of the assembly of the Russian BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicle. Not the entire assembly process is shown, but some of its episodes are visible. The upgraded BMP-3s are equipped with the Cape camouflage system, which reduces the vehicle's visibility in the optical, thermal and radar ranges. Added a modern Sodem sight for the gunner of the vehicle operator. To enhance protection, the vehicles received additional armor screens and grilles. It is possible that dynamic protection is installed based on new 4C24 elements, invisible under the protective cape, we previously talked about them. The BMP body is made of aluminum; after assembly, the vehicle is checked at the test site, the firing of the guns, the operation of the mechanisms and the tightness of the vehicle. It is unknown how many infantry fighting vehicles are assembled per month; after studying the data, it is possible that it is about 20 new ones and about 15 vehicles are being modernized. Now the plant has increased production rates, the plant is working around the clock, the assembly speed of the BMP-3 has increased by 2.5 times.

 

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By the end of 2023, Russian BMP-3 armored vehicles will begin to receive dynamic protection based on the new 4S24 elements. Dynamic protection based on new 4S24 blocks ensures that neighboring blocks do not detonate when hit by a grenade or ATGM. The Russian BMP-3 with the new dynamic protection installed significantly exceeds the level of protection of the American Bradley BMP in the standard version. The internal elements of the old protection 4S20 and 4S24 are interchangeable, since they have the same dimensions and weight. Therefore, the characteristics of an existing 4S20 protection complex can be easily improved by replacing the elements with new 4S24 ones. The mass of 4S24 elements for protecting the BMP-3 is 4.2 tons, they are capable of protecting against monoblock cumulative ammunition, monoblock RPGs, B-32 armor-piercing bullets, 23 mm armor-piercing incendiary tracer shells and 30 mm armor-piercing shells. The area of protection covering the side of the hull of the BMP-3 armored vehicle is 62%, the forehead of the hull is 36%, and the turret of the vehicle is 70%. The new protection managed to increase the guaranteed shelf life by one and a half times. The 4S20 block needed to be replaced after 10 years, the new 4S24 can be replaced after 15 years.

 

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Footage of tests of a Russian homemade remote control for controlling the Kornet ATGM has been published. This is already the second test of homemade remote control for ATGM; earlier we talked about testing the control remote for the Fagot ATGM. This remote control allows the ATGM crew to be safe during combat work.

 

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Russian military personnel demonstrated firing from a converted 40-mm GP-25 grenade launcher. Under the barrel grenade launcher, the GP-25 was removed from the machine gun and equipped with a butt. After such a modification, the Russian GP-25 under-barrel grenade launcher can be used as an independent weapon, the range of destruction of targets of such weapons is 400 meters.

 

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Video of military training, Russian recruits of the "North" unit, consisting of former prisoners. Soldiers are trained by instructors from the 200th separate guards motorized rifle brigade of the Russian Northern Fleet.

 

Soldier30

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How the Desertcross 800-3 all-terrain vehicles came to be is unknown, data on them varies, some report that these were purchases from the Ministry of Defense, other sources say that the buggies were purchased with private funds. Despite their apparent simplicity, soldiers really need these machines. The buggies weigh 849 kg and are equipped with a 60 hp engine. and have a load capacity of 300 kg. The all-terrain vehicle can carry 3 people. The approximate price in Russia of the Desertcross 800-3 buggy is 1,650,000 rubles or 17 thousand dollars.

 

Soldier30

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The Russian 120-mm self-propelled artillery and mortar unit has appeared in the army. It is not yet clear whether the Vena self-propelled guns began to be mass-produced or not; instead, the Russian army began modernizing the Nona self-propelled guns. An experimental batch of the Vena self-propelled guns was created in 1995; in 2013, Azerbaijan received 18 vehicles. The 2S31 self-propelled gun is built on the BMP-3 chassis and has a high degree of automation. The self-propelled gun is equipped with a 2A80 gun and is capable of hitting targets at a range of up to 13 kilometers, with a rate of fire of up to 10 rounds per minute. The crew of the self-propelled gun is four people. Details in the video.

 

Soldier30

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Uralvagonzavod sent the Russian Ministry of Defense a batch of modernized armored repair and recovery vehicles BREM-1M based on the T-90 tank. Previously, we talked about the BREM-1 army tow truck. BREM-1M is a modernized version and entered service in 2013. The Russian modernized BREM-1M vehicle is equipped with a winch with a traction force increased to 35 tons, as well as a hydraulic crane with a lifting capacity increased to 20 tons. BREM-1M is a mandatory combat unit in armored units. The vehicle is designed to evacuate damaged tanks, armored vehicles and other objects. The BREM-1M armored vehicle reaches speeds of up to 60 km per hour and overcomes a rise of 30 degrees, a ditch up to 2.8 meters wide and a wall up to 85 centimeters high. The vehicle is equipped with a V-92S2 engine with a power of 1000 hp. produced by ChTZ-URALTRAK. The vehicle has a 12.7 mm machine gun, a vehicle crew, a driver, a commander and a rigger.

 

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Rostec has begun transferring a batch of 120-mm Phlox self-propelled artillery guns to Russian troops. It is worth noting that the serial production of self-propelled guns was organized quite quickly, only 5 months passed. Thanks to good mobility, automation and a relatively low price, the Phlox self-propelled gun is now in demand among the troops. To reduce the cost of equipment, the developers abandoned the tracked chassis and installed the Phlox self-propelled guns on the Ural-4320 vehicle. Also, to reduce the cost, a gun was installed based on the 2A80 from the 2S31 Vena self-propelled gun. By today's standards, the self-propelled gun does not fire far, up to 13 kilometers, but for that it has a very high rate of fire. The Phlox self-propelled gun can fire in the “simultaneous fire attack” mode, when several shells fired one after another simultaneously reach the target.

 

Soldier30

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The Russian army began using BTR-70 armored personnel carriers removed from storage; the vehicles were spotted in one of the units. The BTR-70 armored personnel carrier was put into service in 1972. The BTR-70's armament includes a 14.5 mm KPVT machine gun and a coaxial 7.62 mm PKT machine gun. The ammunition load of the KPVT machine gun is 500 rounds and 2000 rounds of ammunition for the PKT machine gun. The weight of the armored personnel carrier is 11.5 tons, the speed on the highway is 80 km/h. Crew 2 people and 8 landing people.

 

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