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Indian Navy to get second ballistic missile submarine​


The Indian Navy will receive a major boost with the deployment of its second ballistic missile submarine. The INS Arighat is in the final stages of sea trials and is likely to be commissioned into service in early 2021.

Arighat is the second of the indigenous Arihant-class nuclear-powered ballistic missile-carrying submarine (SSBN).

Sources in the defense and security establishment said the submarine has performed well during the sea trials so far, and added that the commissioning of the vessel was delayed due to the coronavirus pandemic, according to Indian online newspaper The Print.

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Once Arighat enters service, India will be operating two SSBNs that are equipped with the 750km-range K-15 ballistic missile, designed for retaliatory strikes in case of a nuclear attack.

The Arighat was quietly launched in November 2017 by the then Defense Minister Nirmala Sitharaman.

Both INS Arihant, which is on operational deployment, and the Arighat have the capacity to carry four missiles each.

While the original plan was to have four Arihant class submarines, it was changed by the UPA government, sources in the know said.

Now, the two Arihant class submarines will have a displacement of 6,000 tons while two other SSBNs will be of a larger size (7,000 tons displacement).

A key differentiating factor will be that the two larger vessels under construction — S4 and S4 at the Ship Building Centre in Visakhapatnam — will have eight missile tubes instead of four.

India currently also operates a nuclear-powered attack submarine (SSN) INS Chakra II, which is under lease from Russia.

It was in March last year that India and Russia signed a $3 billion deal for the lease of a third SSN — Chakra III — that is likely to be in Indian waters by 2025 at the earliest.

Russian submarines are being leased to train crews for India’s own fleet of SSBNs.

In 2015, the Narendra Modi government gave the green light to build six indigenous SSNs. About two years later, in 2017, then Navy chief Adm. Sunil Lanba had confirmed that work on the SSNs had started.

It was in November 2018 that India completed its nuclear triad when PM Modi announced to the world the completion of the first deterrence patrol by Arihant.

With that, India joined an elite group of countries that have the capability to launch a nuclear weapon from land, air and underwater. The only other countries capable of this are the US, Russia, China and France.

INS Arihant was commissioned in 2016 by then Defense Minister Manohar Parrikar, but a formal announcement came only two years later.

https://saudigazette.com.sa/article...avy-to-get-second-ballistic-missile-submarine
 

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Vaccine deliveries by Indian Navy to our friends Seychelles and Mauritius:



 

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India’s Ministry of Defence (MoD) yesterday inked a Rs.1,000 crore procurement contract with its wholly-owned defence public-sector undertaking Bharat Electronics Ltd (BEL) for supplying the Indian Navy with 473 SDR-TACs, 2,000+ SDR-HHs and SDR-MPs, and close to 70 SDR-NCs. All deliveries will be completed by early 2023.

(Pics at link)
 

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The Indian Navy has decided to expand its fleet with five diving support craft (DSC).

The contract for the acquisition of five vessels was signed with Kolkata-based railway wagon manufacturer Titagarh Wagons on 12 February 2021. Titagarh Wagons’ unit, Titagarh Marines, operates in the shipbuilding industry.

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Photo: Indian Navy

The investment is part of a wider Make in India initiative aimed at boosting the domestic manufacturing sector.

Once commissioned, the boats will meet the mission needs of Command Clearance Diving Teams (CCDTs) which are involved in providing diving assistance to all ships inside and close to harbour for underwater repair, maintenance and salvage, according to the navy.

Fitted with advanced diving equipment and tools for performing diving operations, diving support vessels are expected to be a game changer in conducting diving operations and will serve as an “ideal platform” for conducting training of Indian Navy’s diving cadre.
 

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Dinakar Peri
NEW DELHI, MARCH 08, 2021 19:57 IST
UPDATED: MARCH 08, 2021 20:04 IST

The three Services have since finalised the Qualitative Requirements and the all the processing has been completed.​


Multi-billion deals for 30 armed drones from the U.S. and six advanced submarines under Project-75I are likely to be taken by the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) in April for approval, a government official said.

“All the procedures have been completed and the deals are likely to be taken up at the next meeting of the DAC for approval,” the official said. “There is no DAC in March, the next one is scheduled in April.”

India has been looking to procure 30 armed drones, 10 for each service, from the U.S. but the process has been repeatedly delayed over the last couple of years. While the Navy has a pressing requirement for the High Altitude Long Endurance (HALE) drones, there have been questions on their utility for the Army and Air Force, given the high cost of the platform.

The three Services have since finalised the Qualitative Requirements and the all the processing has been completed. The case is now ready to be put up before the DAC, the official stated.


Last November, the Navy inducted two MQ-9B Sea Guardian unarmed drones procured from the U.S. on lease for one year.


The U.S. has given in principle approval for the sale of these armed drones to India sometime back and the deal came up for discussion during the India-US 2+2 ministerial dialogue last October.

However, since the stand-off with China in Eastern Ladakh last May, the need for long endurance drones to maintain continuous surveillance of the border has been acutely felt and the armed forces are in the process of procuring drones of several other categories as well.

Submarine deal​

In January 2020, the DAC had shortlisted Mazgaon Docks Limited (MDL) and Larsen & Toubro (L&T) as the Indian partners for the P-75I deal worth over ₹45,000 crore. Once the DAC clears it, the Navy will issue the Request For Proposal (RFP) to the two Indian companies who would respond to it in partnership with a foreign Original Equipment manufacturer (OEM).

The delay in the P-75I deal was the extra caution at each step of the process as this was being done for the first time, the official stated.

This project is being processed through the Strategic Partnership (SP) model of the Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP), which aims to promote the role of Indian industry in defence manufacturing and build a domestic defence industrial ecosystem.

While there are two Indian companies shortlisted, there are five foreign OEMs selected. They are Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering (DSME)(South Korea), Naval Group (France), Navantia (Spain), Rosoboronexport (Russia) and TKMS (Germany).

 

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Indian Navy and ground staff will soon depart to the US to be trained on the new Sikorsky MH-60R Seahawk.

As reported by us on 6 December 2020, the Indian Navy will receive 24 Seahawks, of which three were reported to be diverted from the US Navy production line. However, at that time this was not yet confirmed.

The first three are now reported to be handed over to the Indian Embassy in the US between June and September 2021. These three will most probably stay in the US for training future aircrew. The timeline for the delivery of the other Seahawks has not yet been revealed.

Training of the Indian Navy staff in the US might be done at Mayport (FL), where Maritime Strike Squadron (HSM) 40 has facilitated training for foreign aircrew and maintainers before. But we have not seen confirmation of this yet.

The Seahawks would replenish India’s ageing fleet of British-made Sea King helicopters operating since the 1980s. The Sea King Mk42Bs are flying with INAS 330 Harpoons at Mumbai (INS Shikra) and INAS 336 Flaming Arrows at Cochin (INS Garuda). Next to that the Indian Navy is also using the Sea King Mk42C in the assault role with the Marine Commando Flight at INS Shikra and in the utility role at Vishakhapatnam (UH-3H).

Photo: Sikorsky

 

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Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers Ltd. (GRSE), India’s premier public sector shipbuilding company since 1960, began the New Year on a grand note as the company bagged two back-to-back exports orders from the governments of Guyana and Seychelles for an Ocean-Going Cargo-cum-Passenger Vessel and a Fast Patrol Vessel (FPV) respectively. “With the successful delivery of these two vessels, our export initiatives will touch a new pinnacle. We are well on our way to become a global maritime security player as these export contracts would help open new avenues in value creation,” said Rear Admiral Vipin Kumar Saxena, IN (Retd.), Chairman and Managing Director, GRSE. In an interview with Aeromag, he shares the insights into the company’s prowess as a world class shipbuilder capable of delivering state of the art maritime platforms across the globe.

Could you talk about the twin export orders that GRSE has bagged this year?

For GRSE, the year began on a grand note as the company bagged two back-to-back exports orders from the governments of Guyana and Seychelles. The first export contract of the year worth 12.7 million USD was signed on 13 January for building an Ocean-Going Cargo-cum-Passenger Vessel for the Government of Guyana. The 1700 tons (appx) vessel is to be used on the coastal and riverine areas of Guyana.

Within a month of signing the contract with Government of Guyana, we were successful in signing another export contract with the Government of Seychelles for one Fast Patrol Vessel (FPV) on 3 February. The SCG Ship ‘Zoroaster’, will be delivered to Coast Guard of Seychelles, the archipelagic island country. The ship will be a powerful, fuel-efficient platform designed to perform multipurpose operations, such as patrolling, anti-smuggling, anti-poaching, and search and rescue (SAR) while flaunting improved habitability features with fully air-conditioned modular accommodation for 35 personnel.

Our in-house design team has developed the overall design of the FPV. The FPVs are very versatile and cost effective platforms that can be put to excellent use by the small maritime nations especially in the IOR and MENA regions.

What significance do these export contracts hold for GRSE?

GRSE is already endowed with the confidence of Govt. of India, the Indian Navy and the Indian Coast Guard having successfully built and delivered more than 100 Warships ranging from Patrol boats to Corvettes & Frigates. We immensely value the trust that they have bestowed upon us and now we are well on our way to become a global maritime security player as these export contracts would help open new avenues in value creation. GRSE has happily embraced infrastructure modernisation with technology induction and I am proud to share that our indigenous and state-of-the-art ship-design and ship-building capacity are the key behind the monumental success of brand GRSE.

We have the capability to construct 20 ships concurrently, using our modernized infrastructure and ‘Modular Integrated Construction Philosophy’. Further, our dedicated, multi-disciplinary, strong Design Team is continuously working towards developing various concept designs for ships that can cater to the current and future requirements of India as well as foreign nations. As you may be aware GRSE was the first shipyard of India to have exported a warship when we delivered a Multi Role Offshore Patrol Vessel to Mauritius, the CGS Barracuda. With the successful delivery of these two vessels, our export initiatives will reach a new pinnacle.

Moreover, the contracts, while strengthening diplomatic ties of Government of India with Governments of Guyana and Seychelles, celebrates the partnership with these nations, and is a grand achievement, not only for GRSE, but also for the entire nation.

What according to you helped GRSE bag these contracts?

I dedicate the contracts to the remarkable performance of the shipyard over the last few decades that were made possible by farsighted planning, meticulous execution, courageous decisions and conviction and dedication of the Team GRSE. Special credit goes to our in-house design team who has over the years developed capability of building world-class warships deftly armed with high-tech infrastructure. Over the last six decades, we have built 787 platforms, including 106 warships for Indian Navy, Indian Coast Guard and Mauritius Coast Guard. This has helped GRSE attain the delightful epithet of ‘only organization to build and deliver a century of warships in India’. From building 5 tonne boats to 24600 tonne Fleet Tanker, GRSE has done it all and has proved its mettle as a pioneer warship builder of India.

What is the way forward for GRSE and what are the expansion plans?

Today, GRSE has crafted a niche in the field of in-house design and shipbuilding and has made significant contributions to the indigenous warship construction program in India. Indigenization has always been the watchword at GRSE and it has established its capabilities for in-house ship design and shipbuilding, across its three distinct shipbuilding units in Kolkata. This perfectly aligns with the Government of India's ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan’. The 100+ strong, dedicated and multi-disciplinary design team of the company relentlessly works towards developing innovative concept and designs for ships that impeccably cater to the current and future requirement of Indian Navy and Indian Coast Guard. The company is now well on track to construct state-of-the-art warships harnessing advanced modular shipbuilding technology which is delightfully at par with the best in the world

One another significant step towards Self-reliance, Modernisation and capacity augmentation at the Rajabaghan Dockyard unit dedicated for medium and small ships construction will facilitate concurrent construction of 24 ships from the existing capacity of 20.

At GRSE we are constantly striving to shift to smart manufacturing (Industry 4.0), with sparked innovations in automation, robotics and the industrial internet of things. I am confident that by introducing Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Interoperability and secured connectivity enabling real time monitoring, control and optimization of processes, resources and systems will lead to significant workload consolidation across all spheres of operation.

We are also focusing on making the GRSE built versatile maritime platforms available to our friendly foreign Navies and Coast Guards. We look forward to collaboration with local shipbuilders and design houses in friendly nations towards building collective Maritime competence in the region.
 

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INS Shardul, a ship of the First Training Squadron of the Indian Navy (IN) is visiting Port Louis, Mauritius from 10 to 13 March as part of an overseas deployment to Southern Indian Ocean nations. The ship will undertake EEZ surveillance of Mauritius, in coordination with Mauritian National Coast Guard as part of the deployment, and will also participate in the National Day celebrations of Mauritius on 12 March during the port call.

A press statement from the Indian Navy stated, “The visit by the Indian Navy ship to Mauritius on the occasion of its National Day celebrations highlights the close relations and strong friendship between the two countries and is aimed at strengthening bilateral ties and enhancing maritime security cooperation between the two countries.”

Indigenously built at Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers (GRSE) Kolkata and commissioned in the Indian Navy in 2007, INS Shardul is an amphibious warfare ship capable of carrying battle tanks, troops and an integral helicopter. The ship has also played an important role in Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) operations in the recent past. Notable among these include delivery of 600 Tons of food grains to drought hit Madagascar in March 2020 and operation Samudra Setu for evacuation of overseas Indians in June 2020 during COVID-19 pandemic.
 

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Desi Advanced Light Torpedo (TAL), developed by the Naval Science and Technological Laboratory (NSTL), successfully cleared its maiden flight trial with a parachute system from the Indian Navy’s Ilyushin Il-38 (Dolphin) maritime patrol aircraft on 08th March 2021. This is a big development, it was the first such trial where an indigenously lightweight torpedo was fired from a fixed-wing aircraft (Earlier torpedoes were fired from helicopters, ships, and Submarines).

Rebirth of Dolphin:

The Ilyushin Il-38 also called “Dolphin” is a long-range fixed wing maritime patrol and anti-submarine warfare aircraft. The aircraft was designed in the Soviet Union from Ilyushin Il-18 turboprop transport aircraft. NATO Calls this aircraft as “May”.

The Indian Navy currently operates 2 units of these aircrafts, while 5 units were acquired in 1977 from Soviet Union. The Navy received 3 units in 1977 and another 2 in 1983. These aircraft were Ex-Soviet Naval Aviation machines and 3 of these are retired given to the various accidents. Initially, before the delivery of these aircrafts, the aircrafts were upgraded. The Indian version had pylons on the side of fuselage to carry “Sea Eagle” Anti-ship Missile.

The BAe Sea Eagle is a medium weight (580 KG) sea-skimming subsonic (Max speed 0.85 Mach) anti-ship missile designed and built by BAe Dynamics (now MBDA). This missile system with a warhead of 230 KG was designed to sink or disable ships up to the size of aircraft carriers in an environment of heavy jamming and other countermeasures including decoys.

In addition to Sea Eagle, Dolphin can fire KH35 anti-ship missile as well. Although the KH35 missile integration has multiple glitches that were solved only in 2017. During Torpex 2017 the first ever KH35 was fired from this aircraft.

This submarine hunter has two internal weapons bays where it carries sonobuoy and weapons. The frontal weapons bay carries sonobuoy whereas the rear carries weapons. The aircraft can carry a wide variety of weapons from depth chargers to anti surface missiles.



Combination of Brahmos & IL38 SD

The Brahmos supersonic cruise missile of Indian armed forces is one of the deadliest cruise missiles on the planet. The missile system was recently upgraded with a range of 600 KM and further it will go up to 800 KM in future. The IL38 SD will carry two of these missiles on the either side of fuselage. The air launched version of Brahmos is already tested and perfected on Su30 MKI, IL38 is slated to get this missile as per a 2009 media release of Brahmos Aerospace.

The long legs of this aircraft coupled with the Bramhos missile that can hit a target with a pinpoint accuracy with a speed of over 3 Mach will be deadly combo. With maximum take-off weight of around 68 tons, the Il-38 has a crew of seven and a range of 9,500 km (5,126nm).

If the aircraft is categorised the it can classify as P-3 Orion class aircraft, which performs a similar ASW role with the U.S. Navy and many others including Pakistan.



Desi light torpedo:

The advance light torpedo developed by NSTL is one of the finest light torpedoes in the world today. The torpedo and its release mechanism, in which the light torpedo, on safe separation from the IL38 SD aircraft, descends with the help of a parachute and the torpedo release mechanism detaches the parachute from the assembly, enabling the torpedo to continue its operation in waters. The parachute is designed by ADRDE, Agra.

The TAL can track multiple targets simultaneously using state-of-the-art processor-based signal processing algorithms. The torpedo activates as soon as it enters the sea water using water activation mechanism. This 220 KG torpedo can carry a warhead of 50 KG, has an operational range of 19 KM and can travel with speed of 33 Knots.

This all electric propulsion torpedo equipped with acoustic homing (Active / Passive) can operate up to a depth of 540 meters. Once launched in around 6 minutes it can destroy the target with an absolute certainty. The most difficult part in the development of this torpedo was to develop a torpedo which could sustain its efficiency, in particular the manoeuvrability and structural integrity while travelling from the air medium to water after being launched from air.

Growing Chinese presence?

It’s a known fact that china today has largest navy in the world though the quality and types keep it far behind united states, despite that it remains a big challenge for Indian Navy in Indian Ocean region. The submarine fleet of Chinese navy is growing simultaneously with a great pace. Thus, the anti-submarine systems of the navy need constant upgrade. The area of interest of Indian Navy is vast and therefore it requires modern systems as well as numbers. The Indian Navy already operates 9 Boeing P8 I – Neptune aircraft. The aircraft is capable of anti-submarine warfare (ASW), anti-surface warfare (ASUW), and shipping interdiction roles. In addition, 3 more aircraft are on order and 6 more are approved. Upon delivery the total number of aircraft operational with Indian Navy will be 18. Navy could acquire more of these in future.

The IL38 SD upgraded with the state-of-the-art sensors and equipment will compliment the P8-I fleet of Indian Navy.

What is the significance of the combo?

Although the P8-I is a state-of-the-art system and it can carry Mark 54 torpedo and AGM 84 Harpoon missile, but the system cannot carry Brahmos and indigenous torpedo.

IL38 SD aircraft when equipped with the Brahmos, KH35, and Indigenous advance torpedo will get rebirth as a hunter-killer and that will be really significant development.
 

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This ship is capable of tracking things at thousands of kms away.
 

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India has quietly commissioned its secretive nuclear missile tracking vessel that had been under construction since 2014, entering a select league of nations with the capability to monitor missile launches at long distances, enhancing the testing programme and adding a crucial part to a national missile defence system. Called the VC 11184, the specialised Ocean Surveillance Ship was commissioned in October last year in a ceremony that was not made public, sources have told ET. The ship delivery was delayed by a few months due to the Covid-19 crisis but all tests and trails were cleared in 2020 to ensure it is ready to enter service. The ship — only four other nations operate similar vessels — will be operated by a joint crew of the National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO), the Defence Research and Development Organisation and the Indian Navy. At present, only the US, France, China and Russia operate similar vessels that are used to track missile launches at sea. The vessel will be able to monitor India’s developmental trials of missiles of greater range than ever before — virtually unlimited due to its ability to traverse the oceans. Besides, it will have the ability to detect launches by adversaries like Pakistan and China, giving India an early warning capability. The 15,000 tonne ship, which has specialised surveillance systems of three dome-shaped antennas packed with sensors, has been extensively tested since 2018 by the joint team. As reported by ET, the complex vessel will generate over 14 MW of power just to power up its tracking radars, which will have multiple roles from tracking enemy missiles to accurately giving data on tests that are routinely carried out of indigenous strategic missiles. The 15,000 tonne class vessel was initially constructed in a covered dry dock at the Hindustan Shipyard Ltd, the country’s largest, to keep roving satellites and spying attempts at bay
 

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There are 2 of these vessels. The 2nd one is also almost done but looks like it has a different set of equipment.
 

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How many of you know about ISRO's MOTR? While this MOTR radar is primarily for space purposes, It can track 50 cm*50 cm target at 1000 km and ballistic missile launch at a mind-blowing 5000 km away
 

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How many of you know about ISRO's MOTR? While this MOTR radar is primarily for space purposes, It can track 50 cm*50 cm target at 1000 km and ballistic missile launch at a mind-blowing 5000 km away

Yes a whole window/ecosystem of accelerated opportunity opened with Green Pine acquisition and development of swordfish.

India has the established T/R capability (esp L-band) for any role, what dictates overall is fiscal resourcing, direction and priority of application.

How much to focus (human resource) on deployment application (i.e scaled engineering) versus getting to next stage (science and initial engineering) is also a key balance that will be debated among the know-how-experts and relevant institutions and politicians. Hope this decade is lot better than last one.
 

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As part of the Mission Sagar-IV, Indian Naval Ship Jalashwa arrived at Port Anjouan, Comoros on 14 March to deliver 1,000 metric tonnes of rice.

An official ceremony for handing over the food aid from the Government of India to Government of Comoros was held on 15 March. The ceremony was attended by Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Dhoihir Dhoulkamal, in charge of the Diaspora and Djae Ahamada Chanfi, Minister of Maritime and Air Transport of Comoros. The Indian side was represented by Commanding Officer INS Jalashwa Captain Pankaj Chauhan.


This is the second visit of an Indian Navy ship to the island country within a span of one year. Earlier, as part of Mission Sagar-I, in May-June 2020, the Indian Navy had delivered essential medicines to the nation and had also deployed a specialist medical team to work alongside their counterparts and to render assistance for dengue fever related emergencies. INS Jalashwa, the largest amphibious ship of Indian Navy, has been specially sent to Comoros due to its large carrying capacity.

Comoros and India have always enjoyed close and friendly relations and have similarities of view on regional and global issues. ‘Mission Sagar’, builds on the excellent relations existing between the two countries and deployment also resonates the vision of our Prime Minister of Security and Growth for All in the Region ‘SAGAR’ and highlights the importance accorded by India to relations with the countries of the IOR. The operation is being progressed in close coordination with the Ministries of External Affairs, and other agencies of the Government of India.
 

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Indigenous Warship INLCU L-58 Commissioned​

March 19, 2021 forceindia 0 Comment

IN LCU L-58, the 8th and the last ship under Project LCU Mark IV, delivered by GRSE on 31 December 2020 was commissioned on 18 March at Port Blair in the presence of Lieutenant General Manoj Pande – Commander-in-Chief Andaman & Nicobar Command (CINCAN). The ceremony was attended by Chairman & Managing Director, GRSE Rear Admiral V K Saxena (Retd), and other senior officials of the Indian Navy and GRSE.

The entire design of the 8 Landing Craft Utility (LCU) Mark IV ships has been developed in-house by GRSE as per requirements specified by Indian Navy including a speed of 15 knots. LCU MK-IV is an amphibious ship with its primary role being transportation and deployment of Main Battle Tanks, Armored Vehicles, troops and equipment from ship to shore. The ships are equipped with Bow Ramps to enable loading/unloading of combat equipment and vehicles upon beaching. These are biggest & fastest Landing Craft Utility vessels worldwide in its category.



There is over 90 percent indigenous equipment fit on these ships. These ships based at the Andaman and Nicobar Command can be deployed for multirole activities like beaching operations, search and rescue, disaster relief operations, supply and replenishment and evacuation from distant islands. The LCU is 63 m in length and 11 m wide and has a displacement of 830 T with a low draught of 1.7 m. The LCU is designed to accommodate 216 personnel and is equipped with two Indigenous CRN 91 Guns to provide artillery fire support during landing operations. The ship is fitted with state-of-the-art equipment and advanced systems like Integrated Bridge System (IBS) and Integrated Platform Management System (IPMS).

GRSE is currently handling construction of 16 ships as part of four ongoing projects. Three of these projects are for the Indian Navy and one is for the Republic of Guyana. The three projects of the Indian Navy include construction of 3 Advanced Stealth Frigates under the project 17 A, the Survey Vessels (Large) & ASW-Shallow Water Crafts.
 
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