Kirpi I-II

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  • Kirpi
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    Overview
    Role: MRAP
    Nation of Origin: Turkey
    Designer: BMC
    Introduction:
    Specifications
    Weight: 19050 kg to 20825 kg
    Length: 7375 mm
    Width: 2865 mm
    Height: 3810 mm
    Turret type:
    Crew: 13
    Engine: Cummins ISL9E3 375 (275 kW - 1550 Nm)
    Main armament: Aselsan Sarp RCWS
    Secondary Armament/s:
    Protection: STANAG 4569
    Suspension: Axletech ISAS 4500, 4x4 Independent Suspension Axle System
    Operational Range: 750 km
    Maximum Speed: 100 km/h

    BMC Kirpi (Turkish for "Hedgehog") is a Turkish made Mine-Resistant Ambush Protected vehicle manufactured by BMC. Kirpi provides significant protection against mine and ballistic threats. It combines standard and add-on armor providing protection against ballistic threats while its V-shape underbody and monocoque allows it to protect the personnel inside from land mines and improvised explosive devices (IEDs).

    BMC Kirpi is a heavy armored troop carrier and its primary objective is to transfer personnel from one place to another while protecting them against all kind of threats. However, it can receive different operational roles by being equipped with required mission equipment.

    Kirpi design process started in 2008, first prototype of Kirpi is produced in 2009. BMC has been awarded a tender by 614 units of MRAP vehicles by SSB – Presidency of Defence Industry in 2009. During the preliminary and critical design phases of this 614 Kirpi project, this prototype is further developed ant thus becoming Kirpi 1.

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    Kirpi 1

    Turkish Land Forces have used Kirpi 1 intensively on its operations, and since Kirpi’s are started to be operated, Turkish Land Forces’ casualties started to reduce significantly. After this initial success of Kirpi, its total sales number increased up to more than 1500, with more than 200 for export customers.

    After Kirpi 1’s 7 years of service, with the gained experience and feedback received from end users, Kirpi-2 has been introduced in 2018, while having several improvements compared to Kirpi 1. BMC is awarded another contract by SSB in 2018 by 529 units of Kirpi 2 MRAP vehicles. Independent suspension for more comfortable journey for the troops inside, improved air conditioning and engine cooling pack integration, composite add-on armor to lighten the vehicle thus allowing it to carry more payload and thus more mission equipment, particle/shrapnel holder spall liner installation upgrades have been applied to newer second generation of Kirpi-2.

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    Kirpi 2

    BMC Kirpi has monocoque V-shaped body. Recovery and/or towing points are fitted front and rear, a NATO standard pintle being fitted at the rear. A front-mounted hydraulically operated self-recovery winch is standard.

    V-shape monocoque body with composed add-on armor offers great resistant against mine and ballistic attacks in terms of NATO Stanag 4569. Protection levels are classified. In second generation of Kirpi, the Kirpi-2 has composite add-on armor and further increased mine protection.

    Cabin can carry 13 personnel, driver, commander and gunner facing front, rest of 10 personnel is facing each other, 5 unit on one side, other 5 on another side, seating on the edge of side walls. Each

    personnel has mine protected seating, gun racks and gun ports to counter fire in times of need. There are two roof hatches, one on front, opens up inside the covered manuel turret, optionally manuel turret can be replaced with automatic weapon station, in this situation, front roof hatch opens up behind the weapon station, allowing to manually operate or reload. Second roof hatch is at the far end end of cabin. There is an hyroulic operated door at the back of the vehicle, 10 personnel can mount up or evacuate from this door.

    BMC Kirpi 4x4 is 18 tons when empty, has 2.000 kg payload with a gross vehicle weight of 20.000 kg

    Motive power for the BMC Kirpi is provided by a EURO 3 emissions compliant Cummins diesel engine developing 375 hp (275 kW). An engine cold start kit is fitted and the cooling system has been adapted for tactical applications in between 32°C / +55°C temperatures.

    Driveline is completed by an Allison 3000 six-speed fully automatic transmission coupled to an Axletech two-speed transfer box with selectable 4x2 or 4x4 drive. A longitudinal driver-controlled pneumatically operated differential lock is fitted. Both the front steer-drive axle and the rear drive axles are Axletech rated at 9,500 kg capacity and sprung by the combination of parabolic leaf springs, telescopic shock-absorbers, and an anti-roll bar. In second generation of Kirpi, the Kirpi-2 has fully independent suspension with coil springs, has same axle capacity. Both are fitted with driver-controlled pneumatically operated cross-axle differential locks. Steering is power assisted.

    Single 14.00 R 20 tyres are standard, rims are 10x20”. CTIS is fitted. Disc brakes are fitted front and rear, supplemented by an engine exhaust brake. ABS is also standard.

    Variants

    BMC Kirpi is a troop carrier and mainly used to transport troops one place to another safely. It is also a multi-purpose platform that can be adapted for the desired role, needed by the end user. It can be utilized to serve different tactical purposes according to certain requirements. BMC Kirpi has 4x4 and 6x6 configurations. The vehicle is driven from all its available wheels which makes it suitable to perform its duty on any terrain.

    4x4 Troop Carrier

    Standard troop carrier version is used to transport 13 personnel from one place to another with high safety, ignoring the climate and terrain hardships.

    6x6 Troop Carrier

    6x6 version of standard troop carrier. Can carry 15 personnel.
    kirpi_6x6_technical.jpg


    Combat Tactical Vehicle

    When a standard troop carrier version is equipped with situational awareness & offensive weapon systems makes Kirpi a combat fighting vehicle.

    Utility Vehicle

    Standard troop carrier version can be turned into a utility vehicle in order to carry cargo safely.

    Ambulance

    Ambulance version takes wounded soldiers from the heat of battle and safely escorts them to the back of front lines. Can carry two doctors with two inpatients or two doctors with one inpatient and two walking cases.
    kirpi_4x4_ambulans_technical.jpg


    Mine Detection and Disposal Vehicle

    Leads any military convoy, detects explosives buried underground, disrupts it with its robotic arm and disposes any mine threat.

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    Operators​

    • 23px-Flag_of_Libya.svg.png
      Libya
      • Libyan Army Supplied by Turkey.
    • 23px-Flag_of_Qatar.svg.png
      Qatar 50 on order
    • 23px-Flag_of_Somalia.svg.png
      Somalia
      • Somali National Army 12 donated by Turkey
    • 23px-Flag_of_Tunisia.svg.png
      Tunisia
      • Tunisian Army 141 in service and 46 on order.
    • 23px-Flag_of_Turkey.svg.png
      Turkey
      • Turkish Army 1756 in service.
      • Turkish Gendarmerie 200 delivered.
    • 23px-Flag_of_Turkmenistan.svg.png
      Turkmenistan
      • Turkmenistan Army[14] 100 in service.
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